Christmas; God Becomes Man in Mary’s Womb - Updated 12/7/19  

The Son of God became Jesus, when Holy Spirit impregnated Him in Mary’s womb

Around Christmas Day around 2024 years ago in 6BC (6BC to 2019AD -1yr crossing 0 = 2024)  


1. Understanding who our God is

2. Why God became man

3. How Son of God became the Son of Man

4. The Son became man, became Jesus in Mary’s womb around Christmas Dec 25; 9 months before His birth on the Day of Atonement


1. Understanding who our God is - See Our God


Our God has always been, will always be; has made everything that was ever made; and rules over everything in Heaven and on earth. Our God is one supreme spiritual being, and because He is a spiritual being He can have three distinct persons; the Father, His Son and the Holy Spirit; while being one spiritual being, one God, our God.

*For this is what the Lord says-- he who created the heavens, he is God; he who fashioned and made the earth, he founded it; he did not create it to be empty, but formed it to be inhabited-- he says: "I am the Lord, and there is no other. Isa 45:18

*Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, Matt 28:19 ESV+

*Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and you still do not know me, Philip? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. Jn 14:9-10 ESV+


Our Heavenly Father is an eternal spiritual being, the Master Planner of the whole universe, of everything that ever was created or will be created. He is our one and only true spiritual Father, loves us dearly, and desires us to be His true children.

*But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. Jer 10:12 NIV+

*Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven. Matt 23:9 NKJV


Our Heavenly Father’s Son is an eternal spiritual being; is the Word, the activator, who physically makes the words His Father speaks happen; He physically created this world and everything in it.   

*In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. Jn 1:1-3 KJV

*so is my word that goes out from my mouth: It will not return to me empty, but will accomplish what I desire and achieve the purpose for which I sent it. Isa 55:11 NIV+


The Son being a spiritual being, would also come down from Heaven and become a physical man, became Jesus in the womb of Mary. This changed the very essence of God; for the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit have always been, will always be 3 spiritual beings united together as one God. Yet the Son had now become a physical being also, though He has been and will be the spiritual Son of God from everlasting to everlasting; He also became the physical Son of Man whom we call Jesus; which added this dimension to God, when He became a miniscule physical baby in the womb of Mary.

Human body:

*And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth. Jn 1:14 ESV+

*For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form, and you have been given fullness in Christ, who is the head over every power and authority. Col 2:9-10 NIV+

*Before the mountains were brought forth, Or ever You had formed the earth and the world, Even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God. Ps 90:2 NKJV+

*Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, to God who alone is wise, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen. 1Ti 1:17 NKJV+


The Son, Jesus, would also change His essence, the essence of God after He physically died on the cross; and His Godly spiritual being was united only with His human spiritual being. And the last time the Son, Jesus would change His very essence, the essence of God; was when He was given a glorified body after He physically arose from the dead on Resurrection Day (Easter). The Son, Jesus, now sits on the right hand of the Father in Heaven above; interceding for us.

Human spirit being:

Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” And having said this he breathed his last. Lk 23:46 ESV+

*For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit ; in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison 1Pe 3:18-19 NASB+

Glorified body:

*See my hands and my feet, that it is I myself. Touch me, and see. For a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.” Lk 24:39 ESV+

*who will transform our lowly body to be like his glorious body, by the power that enables him even to subject all things to himself. Phil 3:21 ESV+


The Holy Spirit is an eternal spiritual being, who creates all other spiritual beings, except God who has always been. The Spirit created all the angelic spiritual beings, and creates the spiritual being (Soul and Spirit) within our miniscule physical being in our mother’s womb, giving our physical body life. The Spirit then can live within a believer’s spiritual being; guiding us, sanctifying us, and keeping us spiritually holy, so we can remain children of God. 

*That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Jn 3:6 ESV+

*You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. Ro 8:9 ESV+


2. Why God became man


The reason our God became man was love. Our Father wanted physical children to love before He created this world; His Son wanted physical brothers and sisters to love, of whom He would not be ashamed. The Holy Spirit wanted a family He could love, guide, and be part of. Our Father knew Jesus would have to become man; and suffer an agonizing physical death upon the cross to save those who would become our Father’s children; before He even created the human race.  

*just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love, having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will, Eph 1:4-5 NKJV+

*In bringing many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the author of their salvation perfect through suffering. Both the one who makes men holy and those who are made holy are of the same family. So Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers. Heb 2:10 NIV+

*The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. 2Co 13:14 ESV+


Because our Father wanted children who would love Him above all things; He had to create us with a free will; for without a choice no one can love another above everything else. He knew our free will would cause us to sin; we would love ourselves, idols and worldly pleasures more than our God. Our Father knew before He created the world that His Son would have to become a man, become Jesus and die a horrendous death upon the cross; as the only means by which our Father would forgive our sins. Yet out of His love and desire to have children who would love Him back, He created us. 

*Jesus answered, “The most important is, ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’ Mk 12:29-30 ESV+

*As a result, he does not live the rest of his earthly life for evil human desires, but rather for the will of God. 1Pe 4:1 NIV+

*For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. John 3:16-17 KJV


Sin was brought into the world by satan; an angelic cherub who was favored by our Father, given much power by Him. satan desiring to be equal with God, disguised himself as a serpent to entice Eve to trust him instead of God; Then Eve enticed Adam to trust her over God. Man and woman had now sinned, were no longer holy, could no longer be in the holy presence of our God, and were banished to live on an earth where evil could exist.

*You were an anointed guardian cherub. I placed you; you were on the holy mountain of God; in the midst of the stones of fire you walked. You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created, till unrighteousness was found in you. Eze 28:14-15 ESV+

*But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate. Gen 3:4-7 ESV+

*So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. Gen 3:23 NIV+


Our Father condemned satan for deceiving Eve by promising a woman’s offspring (Jesus) would crush his head; though satan would be able to strike her offspring Jesus by making Him die a physical death on the cross to save us from our sins. Our Father punished Eve for being deceived by multiplying her pain in childbirth, and making her desire a husband who would rule over her; and this was passed on to all women after Eve.

*And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel." Gen 3:15 NIV+

*To the woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.” Gen 3:16 ESV+


Because Adam chose Eve over our Heavenly Father and followed Eve into sin, our Father put the curse of death upon Adam; Adam would return to the dust by which God created him. The curse of death of Adam’s original sin would be passed on to every child he conceived through his seed (sperm); for they all died. It would be inherited by all men, who will pass on the original sin they inherited (called either inherited or original sin) though their seed to all the children they conceive; for we can all die. If original/inherited sin is not forgiven by our Father when our mind matures and exerts its free will; this sin will make us reject our God. We will never be able to accept Him, unless we surrender our human, repent of our sins, and accept the Holy Spirit into our hearts.     

*Then to Adam He said, "Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, 'You shall not eat of it': "Cursed is the ground for your sake; In toil you shall eat of it All the days of your life. Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, And you shall eat the herb of the field. In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread Till you return to the ground, For out of it you were taken; For dust you are, And to dust you shall return."  Gen 3:17-19 NKJV+

*Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned - Ro 5:12 NIV+


3. How Son of God became the Son of Man    See When Life Begins


Our Father’s plan of salvation was designed so Jesus could come into the world without any sin, would not inherit Adam’s original sin. Our Heavenly Father’s curse on Eve for disobeying Him was pain in childbearing, and her husband would rule over her; which Eve would pass on through her seed (ovum/egg) to all women. No women passes on original/inherited sin to the children they conceive.

*To the woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.” Gen 3:16 ESV+


The Holy Spirit miraculously impregnated Mary with a man’s seed which did not carry any original/inherited sin in it; a Jewish man’s seed of the tribe of Judah, from the line of King David of Bethlehem (town close to Jerusalem which was in part of the land given to tribe of Benjamin).    

*For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah, a tribe with reference to which Moses spoke nothing concerning priests. Heb 7:14 NASB+

*And one of the elders said to me, “Weep no more; behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered, so that he can open the scroll and its seven seals.” Rev 5:5 ESV+


And the Son of God was conceived in Mary as the holy Son of Man, Jesus, with a holy sinless physical body; the only person who would be reproduced, conceived without sin (Adam and Eve were created not reproduced).

*Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. Matt 1:18 ESV+

*Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death--that is, the devilHeb 2:14 NIV+

*For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. 2Co 5:21 NKJV+


God’s perfect plan of salvation before the world was created, had already solved the problem of how Jesus would be born without any original/inherited sin. God chose Mary for she was devoted to him, yet she was also a normal Jewish woman who would be born with original/inherited sin from her father, and would also commit other sins, though she would strive to obey God. Mary like all other women, did not carry Adam’s original sin of death in her seed, only men do. The miraculous part of Jesus’ birth was how the Holy Spirit impregnated Mary with the seed of a Jewish man; without Adam’s original sin being present, so the baby Jesus was born without any sin.


After our miniscule mortal physical being (body + mind) is conceived, when it attaches to our mother’s womb; we are given physical and spiritual life when the Spirit creates a holy, eternal, spiritual being (soul + spirit) within our mortal miniscule physical being. For the Son of God to become a man Jesus, the Holy Spirit miraculously united the Son of God’s spiritual being, who has always been, will always be God; with the spiritual being He had just created for Jesus as a man. The Spirit then united this spiritual being within Jesus’ miniscule physical body which had attached to Mary’s womb; giving the man Jesus life, as the Son of God, and the Son of Man. See Our Soul and Spirit

*"That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Jn 3:6 NASB+

*For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother's womb. I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well. My frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place. When I was woven together in the depths of the earth, your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be. Ps 139:13-16 NIV+  Inmost being soul + spirit Ps 103:1

*You send forth Your Spirit, they are created; And You renew the face of the earth. Ps 104:30 NKJV+


The spiritual being of the Son of God would not use His power over Jesus physical being or human spiritual being; so Jesus would live His physical life on earth as a normal Jewish man, who would be tempted in every respect as we are. Jesus lived His life without sinning, the only one worthy enough to give His holy physical body on the cross as a ransom for our sins.

*Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has gone through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are--yet was without sin. Heb 4:14-15 NIV+


Jesus received all of His spiritual power through the Holy Spirit, after He was anointed to begin His ministry at the age of 30. For 3½ years Jesus would preach the Gospel, heal the sick, and set free all who were oppressed by the devil; before He gave His physical life on the cross to save us from our sins.  

*Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, Lk 3:23 ESV+

*you yourselves know what happened throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee after the baptism that John proclaimed: how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him. Ac 10:37-38 ESV+

*"The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, Because He has anointed Me To preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives And recovery of sight to the blind, To set at liberty those who are oppressed; Lk 4:18 NKJV+


4. The Son became man, became Jesus when given life in Mary’s womb; around 9 months before His birth on the Day of Atonement


Jesus was conceived sometime in the Jewish month of Tevet (Dec 6BC/Jan 5BC); 9 months before Day of Atonement; which would have been around the day we celebrate Christmas, December 25.

The Jewish calendar can fluctuate from being 12 days shorter to 20 days longer than our calendar; gestation periods for women can vary 5 weeks. Yet Jesus was conceived sometime in late Dec or early Jan; which includes our Christmas season.

Jesus Born Tishri 10, 5BC – Died Nisan 14, 30AD


Dec 25 – Jan 25 (1) Feb 25 (2) – March 25 (3)  – April 25 (4)  – May 25 (5)  – June 25 (6)  – July 25 (7)  – Aug 25 (8)  Sept 25 (9) to Oct to match Jewish Calendar fluctuation 


The old serpent satan and his demons tried to use December 25 as a celebration day for their witchcraft and pagan worship festivals; to hide the day when the Son of God would become man. This often involved using snakes (serpents) in their rituals as they seduced men and women to sin against God. Our Father allowed this knowing in the future believers would take this day back, celebrate this day when the Son became man, became Jesus. For He came to bruise the head of satan, to destroy any power he has over us; and give all believers eternal life with our Savior in our Father’s new Heaven and Earth.  

*The Lord God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this, Cursed are you more than all cattle, And more than every beast of the field; On your belly you will go, And dust you will eat All the days of your life; And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel." Gen 3:15 NASB+

*Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death--that is, the devil-- and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. Heb 2:14-15 NIV+


The Father’s plan of salvation was completed not by chance, but through His wisdom, His design. All things would work together, happen at the appropriate time, so the plan could be completed. There would be many miracles, blessings, and hardships given in implementing this plan. The plan began with the announcement of a messenger, John, who would precede Jesus and prepare the way for Him.

*"See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come," says the Lord Almighty. Mal 3:1 NIV+


John was conceived around Tammuz (June/July) 15th 6BC

Look at intimate details of our Father’s plan. Zechariah, a temple priest at Jerusalem, and his wife Elizabeth loved God, prayed to Him for a child, yet they were old and childless. The Father had saved them for a special task, would give them a special gift, a son, though they were too old to have children. An angel appeared to Zechariah in the temple and told him that his wife would have a son, and they should call him John. Luke 1:8-25

*But they had no children, because Elizabeth was barren; and they were both well along in years. Lk 1:7 NIV+

*But the angel said to him, "Do not be afraid, Zacharias, for your petition has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will give him the name John. Lk 1:13 NASB+


The angel also said John was not to drink wine or liquor and that he would be filled with the Spirit while he was still in the womb. The angel foretold that John would be a great prophet like Elijah, preparing the way for our Lord. When his father Zechariah would not believe what the angel said, the angel made him mute until John was born.

*"For he will be great in the sight of the Lord; and he will drink no wine or liquor, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit while yet in his mother's womb. Lk 1:15 NASB+

*He will also go before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, 'to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,' and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord." Lk 1:17 NKJV+


After John was born Zechariah was filled with the Spirit and amazed listeners as he eloquently told many how his son would be a great prophet. These special announcements, happenings, gained notoriety, would be remembered when John began his ministry. They helped him with his credibility, and the ability to get people to listen to him. Luke 1:67-79

*And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways, Lk 1:76 ESV+


Jesus told us there was no greater prophet than John and he will always be remembered as John the Baptizer. John would be the forerunner for Jesus from his conception, until Jesus began His ministry. Because Zechariah was a priest, John would also inherit his father’s position as a priest. As a priest, and prophet, John could consecrate Jesus to fulfill the Old Covenant Laws that were required before Jesus could begin His ministry.

*Jesus replied, "Let it be so now; it is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness." Then John consented. Matt 3:15 NIV+

*For I say to you, among those born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist; Lk 7:ptn28 NKJV+


The time clock for the Son to come down and become man began when Elizabeth conceived. After Elizabeth conceived she would remain to herself for 5 months, praising and thanking God for the blessing of her son. In Elizabeth’s 6th month of pregnancy (not the 6th month of the Jewish year), the angel Gabriel was sent to Mary announcing she would conceive Jesus. John would always be the time clock for Jesus, preceding the Messiah by 6 plus months. 

*After this his wife Elizabeth became pregnant and for five months remained in seclusion. "The Lord has done this for me," she said. "In these days he has shown his favor and taken away my disgrace among the people." Lk 1:24-25 NIV+

*Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, Lk 1:26 ASV


Mary was a young woman who lived in Nazareth, which was in the northern part of Israel, and it was here where the Angel Gabriel came to her. She was a virgin, who was engaged to be married and was probably between 12 to 18 years old; for this was the customary age for young women to be pledged to be married. 

*So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: "Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel," which is translated, "God with us." Matt 1:22-23 NKJV+


Our Father’s detailed plan chose Mary for different reasons. Mary was faithful, humble and obedient to God, trusted in Him and would be honored to be the mother of His Son. She was engaged to Joseph, so there would be an earthly stepfather for Jesus. Mary and Joseph were descendants of David, as prophesied in the Old Testament. Mary was also a relative of Elizabeth, and would be accepted into her home as a house guest. This would give Mary a companion she could confide in, when she was in danger; an engaged woman with God’s Son Jesus in her womb.

Mary was frightened when the angel appeared, yet was strong enough to clearly understand what He said. She was brave enough to ask the question of how she could conceive when she was still a virgin. And was able to accept the Spirit’s miracle that would happen within her, though she really did not completely understand how she would conceive; how the Holy Spirit would bring the Son of God as a baby boy into her womb. Mary was overwhelmed, yet believed with God all things are possible, and accepted the message she was given. After the angel left, Mary continued thinking about the miracle which had just happened, that she was carrying God’s Son in her womb; that she would give birth to the Son of God and call Him Jesus.

*In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin's name was Mary. The angel went to her and said, "Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you." Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. But the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God. You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end." "How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?" The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month. For nothing is impossible with God." "I am the Lord's servant," Mary answered. "May it be to me as you have said." Then the angel left her. Lk 1:26-38 NIV+


We must always remember that Jesus did not come down from Heaven to save us. It was the Son of God who came down from Heaven, an almighty eternal spiritual being, with no beginning or no end; and became a man, became Jesus in the womb of Mary through the power of the Holy Spirit. Jesus became a man on earth, not in Heaven.

*God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship in spirit and truth. Jn 4:24 ASV

*“Behold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. Matt 12:18 ESV+

*The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. Jn 1:14 NIV+


The Son of God had to become a physical being like we were in every way, yet remain holy without sins; so He would be an acceptable sacrifice to redeem us from our sins. The Son became Jesus, did not sin, shed His blood on the cross to atone for our sins.

*but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. Phil 2:7 NIV+

*For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. Heb 2:17 NIV+


The Son of God and Jesus the Son of man became one spiritual/physical being; who now sits at the right hand of our Father. The Father, His Son Jesus in a glorified spiritual body, and the Holy Spirit are spiritually united together as one spiritual being; one supreme God with three distinct persons. 

*And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began. Jn 17:5 NIV+

*Hereafter the Son of Man will sit on the right hand of the power of God." Then they all said, "Are You then the Son of God?" So He said to them, "You rightly say that I am."  Lk 22:69-70 NKJV+

*The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. 2Co 13:14 ESV+


At Christmas, we come to celebrate that great announcement the angel Gabriel made long ago; that the Son of God would come down from Heaven to become a physical man, became Jesus, to save us from our sins.

*The angel answered and said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy Child shall be called the Son of God  Lk 1:35 NASB+


 Continued in The Birth of Jesus


 Birth-Death-Resurrection of Jesus




Copyright 2009 amended 2010; 2011; 2012; 2015; 2016; edited 2017, 2018, 2019 by Ron Borkey


+ ESV “Scripture quotations marked [ESV] are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version,” copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good New Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

+ NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE (1995 Update) Copyright © 1981, 1998 The Lockman Foundation, A Corporation Not for Profit, La Habra, California. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

+ NIV Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

+ NKJV "Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved."

Some words in the verses from these Bibles may be emphasized with bold letters.