Charts

To help explain Biblical truths

 

Listed by Date put here; newest at top, oldest at bottom

Timeline from Biblehub

 

http://biblehub.com/timeline/

 

1-15-23 Short Timeline for Jesus: Charts from Jesus Born Tishri 10 5BC – Died Nisan 14 30AD

 

     Our time              Jewish calendar 

June/July 7BC –- Around Tammuz 15th our time 3755 AD -- John the Baptizer was conceived, about 6 months before Jesus.  

 

Sept/Oct 6BC -- Tishri 1st our time 3756 AD -- A new Jewish calendar year begins

 

Dec 6BC -- Around Tevet 10th our time 3756 AD the time we celebrate Christmas-- Jesus is conceived in Mary by the Holy Spirit.

 

March/April 5BC -- Around Nisan 15th our time 3756 AD -- John was born, during Passover/Feast of Unleavened Bread.  

 

Sept/Oct 5BC -- Tishri 1st our time 3757 AD -- A new Jewish calendar year begins

 

Sept/Oct 5BC -- Tishri 10th our time 3757 AD -- On Day of Atonement Jesus was born.

 

Sept/Oct 0 BC/AD –- Tishri 1st our time 3762 AD --  No zero year in BC/AD timeline, must add or subtract 1 year crossing 0, see #9 BC/AD.

 

Jewish calendar counts this year, will be 1 year different in its relationship to BC/AD time when 0 is crossed either way

 

Mar/April 26AD –- Nisan 15th our time 3786 AD – Around Nisan 15th, John began his ministry, preparing the way for Jesus.

 

Sept/Oct 26AD -- Tishri 1 our time 3787 AD -- A new Jewish calendar year begins

 

Sept/Oct 26AD -- Tishri 10th our time 3787 AD -- After the Sabbath of the Day of Atonement, Jesus is anointed and begins his ministry

 

Sept/Oct 27AD -– Tishri 10th our time 3788 AD – First year ministry of Jesus is completed 

 

Sept/Oct 28AD -– Tishri 10th our time 3789 AD – Second year ministry of Jesus is completed 

 

Sept/Oct 29AD -– Tishri 10th our time 3790 AD – Third year ministry of Jesus is completed 

 

Mar/April 30AD –- Nisan 14th our time 3790 AD -- Jesus is crucified; after completing 1/2 year of ministry, for 3 1/2 years of ministry

 

Mar/April 30AD -- Nisan 16th our time 3790 AD --- Jesus arises from the dead

 

70AD – 3830 Used Roman Destruction of the second Temple in Jerusalem to match date of AD year to Jewish calendar year 

 

7 Appointed Times Holy Convocations in the chronological order they are given in Lev 23:4-44 (Jewish days)

 

1. Passover (Pesach) - Nisan 14 (March/April): has been fulfilled.

 

2. Feast of Unleavened Bread (Chag HaMatzot) - Nisan 15-21 (March/April): has been fulfilled.

 

3. First fruits (Reshit Katzir) - first Sunday after the Passover Sabbath (March/April): has been fulfilled.

 

4. Feast of Weeks (Savuot)  – Changed to Pentecost; is 50 days after First fruits (May/June): has been fulfilled.

 

5. Day of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah) - Tishri 1 (Sept/Oct): needs to be fulfilled.

 

6. Day of Atonement (Yom Kipper) - Tishri 10 (Sept/Oct): has been fulfilled.

 

7. Feast of Tabernacles or Booths (Sukkot) -Tishri 15 (Sept/Oct) needs to be fulfilled.

 

10. Number Symbols

1 – Supreme, unity the oneness of God though 3 persons; is only divisible by itself; yet is in all numbers

2 - Number needed to confirm or validate

3 – Is holy perfection and completeness

3ฝ  – Is a specific number, is half of seven, distorts the perfect number its completion

4 – Related to the world, the earth, like its 4 dimensions east/west/north/south

6 - Is short of seven, means imperfect, like man is

7 - Perfect completion, spiritual perfection, often refers to the work of God

8 – New beginning

10 - Perfect number, including all in a cycle or period

12 – Perfect number for children of God in either the New or Old Covenant, number of people or leaders

24 – Old Covenant and New Covenant children of God as one

40 – Transition or preparation period for change, adjustment, or testing

When a number is multiplied by another number, it includes both numbers meanings.

If number is used more than once, squared or cubed it increases in emphasis.

God is 777 perfectly holy; satan is 666 completely imperfect (evil); mankind’s number is 666 (evil) until Jesus atoning grace makes us spiritually holy, 777.

 

11. Jewish calendar year, months, week, days  

 

Jewish 354 day calendar year

 

The Jewish calendar follows the lunar cycle of the moon, for our God designed many of these Feasts to be celebrated on a full moon. The lunar cycle is 29.53 days; so the 12 Jewish months were alternated with odd months having 30 days, while the even months have 29 days (averaging 29.5 days); a 354 day year. The 1st day of a month starts when the smallest part of the crescent of the moon first appeared, the 14th - 15th day would have the full moon, and on the 29th-30th the moon would disappear.

 

The regular 354 day Jewish calendar had to be adjusted to the 365 day solar calendar we use, to keep in balance with the 4 seasons of the year; for the Feasts depended on when Israel’s crops were grown and harvested.  365 – 354 = 11 days; 3 years would be 33 days (month lost); 9 years 99 days (3 months lost, as well as a season; spring would be winter.

 

The Jewish calendar was balanced 2 ways; first to help balance any error in matching the 29.5 days monthly days the lunar days 29.53, and any errors in first seeing the moon to start the months. A day could be added to Chesvan or subtracted from Kislev. So a regular lunar year could be 353 days or 354 days or 355 days.

Then to balance the 354 day lunar cycle to the 365 day solar cycle; when needed a 13th month of 30 days called Adar 1, was added, before the month of Adar. So a lunar leap year could be 383 days or 384 days or 385 days.

 

At the time when Jesus lived human sight was used to designation when the moon first appeared; and we do not know when any days or a month were added. But around 320-385AD Hillel designed a rotation formula to balance the lunar cycle to the solar cycle.

The extra 30 day month of Adar 1 is added 7 times over 19 years; on the 3-6-8-11-14-17-19; then this cycle begins again.

 

Since the lunar cycle month can have over a 32 day fluctuation on when it happens in the solar cycle year; a 2 month period on solar calendars is needed to indicate when each Jewish month can occur.

 

Note: If one wants to use the astronomy records from the U.S. Naval Observatory Astronomical Applications Department; they show a full moon occurred back at the time of Jesus; on Fri April 7, 30 AD. This coincides with the date we believe Jesus was crucified; 30 AD on Nisan 14. 

 

Jewish months; there are 2 different calendar months; a religious year for the 7 Feasts of which starts first with the most important Feast of the Passover. And a secular, civil, year which starts in the fall after most of the crops have been harvested. 

 

      Feast Calendar                          Secular Calendar               U.S./Jewish

 

(1) Nisan:       Mar/Apr -  30 Days            (1) Tishri:     Sept/Oct - 30 Days         Jan – Tevet/Shevat       

(2) Iyar:        Apr/May -  29 Days            (2) Cheshvan  Oct/Nov – (29 or 30)        Feb – (Shevat/Adar 1)*

(3) Sivan:       May/June - 30 Days            (3) Kislev      Nov/Dec – (30 or 29)        Feb - Shevat/Adar               

(4) Tammuz:    June/July - 29 Days            (4) Tevet      Dec/Jan – 29 Days          Mar – Adar/Nisan

(5) Av:           July/Aug -  30 Days            (5) Shevat     Jan/Feb – 30 Days          Apr – Nisan/Iyar

(6) Elul:          Aug/Sept - 29 Days            (6) *Adar 1    (Feb/Mar - 30)*             May – Iyar/Sivian       

(7) Tishri:       Sept/Oct - 30 Days            (6) Adar       Feb/Mar - 29 Days          June – Sivian/Tammuz

(8) Cheshvan:    Oct/Nov - (29 or 30)          (7) Nisan      Mar/Apr – 30 Days          July – Tammuz/Av

(9) Kislev:        Nov/Dec - (30 or 29)          (8) Iyar        Apr/May – 29 Days          Aug - Av/Elul  

(10) Tevet:      Dec/Jan -  29 Days            (9) Sivan       May/June - 30 Days         Sept – Elul/Tishri

(11) Shevat:     Jan/Feb -  30 Days            (10) Tammuz  June/July – 29 Days          Oct – Tishri/Cheshvan

(12) *Adar 1:    Feb/Mar - (30 Days)*         (11) Av          July/Aug – 30 Days          Nov – Cheshvan/Kislev    

(12/13) *Adar:  Feb/Mar - 29 Days            (12) Elul        Aug/Sept - 29 Days          Dec – Kislev/Tevet      

 

12 month year 353-355 days depending on adjustment days of Cheshvan + Kislev

13 month leap year Adar 1 added 30 days is 383-385 years

 

353-355 days per year; regular calendar 354 days; Kislev 29 days (-1) 353 Days; Cheshvan 30 days (+1) 355 days

*Leap years; 13 month Adar 1 +30 days; 384 days:                         383 days;                            385 days

 

Jewish week and days; Jewish days begin at sundown of the previous day; while our day begins at midnight. So there is around a (- +) 4 hour discrepancy in Jewish days to our days. Jesus’ birth, crucifixion and resurrection are much easier to understand when we know when the Jewish day began and ended, so we know when these events happened.

 

++We use 6 pm as the time for sundown, when the day ends and a new day begins in the illustration below. The actual time of sundown fluctuates throughout the year. 

 

Sun                      Mon                 Tues                  Wed

 

1st Day; Yom Rishon:    2nd Day; Yom Sheini:    3rd Day; Yom Shlishi:    4th Day; Yom R'vi'I:                                    

Sat 6pm-12am               Sun 6pm-12am            Mon 6pm-12am           Tues 6pm-12am

Sun 12am-6am               Mon 12am-6am           Tues 12am-6am           Wed 12am-6am

Sun 6am-12pm               Mon 6am-12pm           Tues 6am-12pm           Wed 6am-12pm

Sun 12pm-6pm               Mon 12pm-6pm           Tues 12pm-6pm           Wed 12pm-**6pm

 

Thurs                    Fri                      Sat

 

5th Day; Yom Chamishi:    6th Day; Yom Shishi:    7th Day; Yom Shabbat: Regular Sabbath     

Wed 6pm-12am               Thurs 6pm-12am            Fri 6pm-12am

Thurs 12am-6am              Fri 12am-6am               Sat 12am-6am 

Thurs 6am-12pm              Fri 6am-12pm               Sat 6am-12pm

Thurs 12pm-6pm              Fri 12pm-6pm               Sat 12pm-6pm           

 

Jewish Calendar

 

12. Using BC and AD, crossing zero

A Russian monk, Dionysius Exiguus, around 525 AD made a timeline calendar for the Catholic Church to show the year Jesus was born, which is Anno Domini in Latin. Dionysius made AD the year Jesus was born, and from this date and counted the years following Jesus birth using AD before them. On AD 1 Jesus turned 1 year old and years have kept ascending until we are now in the year 2,023.

Then used BC, meaning before Christ was born as the years before Jesus was born to approximate dates from the time God created the universe and everything to before 4,000 BC, to much closer dates after Abraham in 2091 BC. These years would descend, wind down until the year 0, the year Dionysius thought Jesus was born.

 

Today we know Jesus was born on the Day of Atonement, Tishri 10, 5BC; not born on December 25, 0AD. Dionysius timeline was off around 4ฝ years off because at this time there was no zero in the Latin numbering.  He did not use a zero on his timeline. When it crossed over from BC to AD, it went from 1BC to 1AD, and a year was skipped, was lost. We must now adjust for that lost year, below are some rules which might be helpful. We also know that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, in the womb of Mary on December 23, 5BC.

 

a. Crossing over from BC to AD and AD to BC (the same for BCE to CE and CE to BCE)

 

If using BC and you do not crossover into AD or come out with the year zero for an answer, nothing needs to be done. If using AD and you do not crossover into BC or come out with the year zero for an answer, nothing needs to be done.

Examples:

10 BC to 5 BC = 5 years (10BC - 5 years = 5BC).

5AD to 10AD = 5 years (5AD + 5 years = 10AD).

 

b. When using BC and AD together to measure time (years-months-days); you must subtract 1 year for crossing over from BC to AD

   You must add 1 year when cross from AD to BC.

 

Examples:

5BC to 5AD = 5 years of BC + 5 years of AD = 10 years. Then 1 year must be subtracted for crossing over from BC to AD = 9years.

5AD to 5BC = 5 years of AD + 5 years of BC = 10 years. Then 1 year must be added for crossing over from AD to BC = 11 years.

 

Our Heavenly Father foreshadowed how His plan of salvation would be implemented through prophecies, symbols, signs, Sabbaths, ceremonial feasts and festivals. As He led Israel into the Promised Land, as He led Israel out of the Old Covenant ceremonial laws into the New Covenant of Christ’s grace. Our Father’s spiritual plan of salvation is what is important, the spiritual day it happened, not the exact physical day it happened, which probably never will be agreed on.

 

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Copyright 2023 by Ron Borkey

+ ESV “Scripture quotations marked [ESV] are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version,” copyright 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good New Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

+ NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE (1995 Update) Copyright ฉ 1981, 1998 The Lockman Foundation, A Corporation Not for Profit, La Habra, California. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

+ NIV Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSIONฎ. Copyright ฉ 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

+ NKJV "Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright ฉ 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved."

Some words in the verses from these Bibles may be emphasized with bold letters.