Day of Atonement; Passover; 1st Fruits

Explain Jesus’ Birth, Crucifixion, Resurrection; as Scapegoat, Passover Lamb

 

1. Day of Atonement (Yom Kipper): Tishri 10, 5BC (Sept/Oct); Replaced by Christmas

Day Jesus was born, symbolized as the Scapegoat

Jesus was born on the holiest day of the Jewish year; for He was holy 

He was presented alive to His Father, who on this day sat on the Mercy Seat in the Temple

Jesus was the Scapegoat turned out from Mary’s womb into the world, to atone for our sins

 

1a. Peter defines azazel; spirits (angels now demons) who disobeyed God, are chained in the Abyss.

 

2. Passover Day (Pesach): Nisan 14, 30AD (March/April): Replaced by Good Friday

Day Jesus was crucified, spiritually ascended into Heaven

2a. On Passover Day: Jesus symbolized as the Passover lamb (sheep) and the scapegoat

Symbolized Passover Lamb: at Gethsemane, willingly gave His life as a sheep led to slaughter

Spilled His blood for us as He was tortured and crucified upon a cross

Symbolized Scapegoat: had the sins of the world laid on Him, so He could physically die

Symbolized Passover Lamb: Physically died; His sinful spiritual being (soul and spirit) descended into Hades

His spiritual being endured the torment of Hades; until His Father accepted His sacrifice for our sins

Symbolized Scapegoat; His spiritual being carried all the sins of the world to the Abyss, deposited them there

Then Jesus’ spiritual being proclaimed victory over all of the demons present there

Symbolized Passover Lamb: Jesus’ spiritual being ascended into Heaven; firstborn of God to spiritually come there

Bringing behind Him in a train, all the spiritual beings in Abraham’s Bosom; believers of the Old Covenant

Later that same day Jesus would welcome the spiritual being of the thief on the cross to Heaven

 

3. Firstfruits (Reshit Katzir): Nissan 16, 30AD (March/April); Replaced by Resurrection Day/Easter

Jesus was symbolized as the Passover Lamb

Holy Spirit brought Jesus’ spiritual being (soul and spirit) down from Heaven to earth

Resurrected and glorified Jesus’ physical being from the tomb, then united it with His spiritual being

Giving life to Jesus’ glorified body

Later this day Jesus would give indwelling of the Holy Spirit to some of His believers

40 days later Jesus was the first to ascend into Heaven with a glorified body; now sits at the right hand of God 

Throughout Revelation Jesus is called the (Passover) Lamb; who is worthy; defeats the antichrist

Jesus will forever be the Lamb who sits on the throne of God, in His father’s new heaven and earth 

 

More details: Specifics Death and Resurrection – Dates, Feasts: Born Tishri 10, 5BC – Died Nisan 14, 30AD

 

1. Day of Atonement (Yom Kipper): Tishri 10, 5BC (Sept/Oct); Replaced by Christmas

Day Jesus was born, symbolized as the Scapegoat

 

The Day of Atonement was the holiest day of the year for Israel; the only day God would come to the Tabernacle/Temple, and in the Holy of Holies, on the mercy seat, forgive the sins of Israel; make them holy for 1 more year. Jesus would be the only one born of a woman who would be physically holy, what other day would He be born except on the holiest day of the year; symbolizing He was holy, without any sin. 

*and the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron your brother not to come at any time into the Holy Place inside the veil, before the mercy seat that is on the ark, so that he may not die. For I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat. Lev 16:2 ESV+

*“Now on the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It shall be for you a time of holy convocation, and you shall afflict yourselves and present a food offering to the Lord. And you shall not do any work on that very day, for it is a Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. Lev 23: 26-27 ESV+

 

Jesus was born on the Day of Atonement, the day which was used to atone for the sins of Israel; thus symbolizing He would replace the need for His Father to come to the mercy seat on this day and forgive our sins through animal sacrifices. Jesus was born on this day to symbolize that His sacrificial blood shed on the cross would atone for sins of the world, would spiritually make believers perfectly holy. So our bodies can become the temple of our God; our hearts symbolized by the mercy seat, now become the place where Jesus can permanently live within us. Soul and Spirit 3a mercy seat symbolizes our heart

*Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesusby a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh, Heb 10:19-20 NKJV+

*because by one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those who are being made holy. Heb 10:14 NIV+

*that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; that you, being rooted and grounded in love, Eph 3:17-19 NKJV+

 

Until Jesus came to atone for our sins, the High Priest (at this time Aaron) would use 2 goats as a sin offering for Israel. The High Priest would cast lots over them, to determine which goat would be chosen for the Lord, and be sacrificed as the sin offering for the sins of Israel this year. And which goat would be chosen to be sent to azazel.

*"He shall take from the congregation of the sons of Israel two male goats for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering. Lev 16:5 NASB+

*Then he shall take the two goats and set them before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting. And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for Azazel. Lev 16:8 ESV+

*And Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot fell for the Lord and use it as a sin offering, Lev 16:9 ESV+

 

Jesus was symbolized as the second goat (scapegoat or goat of removal), the Messiah (Christ) who would be born on this day to save us. Jesus was presented alive to His Father who on this day came down to the mercy seat, to forgive the sins of Israel. Jesus was sent out of Mary’s womb on this day to have the sins of the world placed upon Him; when He was hung upon the cross on Passover Day Nisan 14, 30AD. So Jesus could physically die, and His spiritual being (human soul and spirit) could carry the sins of the world to azazel; who lived in the deepest part of the Abyss. Here Jesus would deposit all the sins (iniquities) He carried in the most solitary land which will ever exist. azazel: angels who became demons, see 1a. below

*but the goat on which the lot fell for Azazel shall be presented alive before the Lord to make atonement over it, that it may be sent away into the wilderness to Azazel. Lev 16:10 ESV+

*Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man. Lev 16:21 NKJV+

*"The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to a solitary land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness. Lev 16:22 NASB+

 

1a. Peter defines azazel; spirits (angels now demons) who disobeyed God, are chained in the Abyss.

 

Peter defines azazel as the demons who live in the Abyss; more specifically the spirits (angels now demons) who disobeyed God in the time of Noah. These (angels now demons) took over a human men’s bodies, married women, and reproduced children who became giants; completely disrupting our God’s plan of creation.

*For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell [Tartarus] and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment; 2Pe 2:4 ESV*

*Jesus asked him, saying, "What is your name?" And he said, "Legion," because many demons had entered him. And they begged Him that He would not command them to go out into the abyss. Lk 8:30-31 NKJV+

 

Tartarus is used only once in the Bible, we differ with NASB+ who defines it as Hell. We believe Tartarus refers to the deepest part of the Abyss where the demons above who were once angels are now chained or imprisoned. Hell is the Lake of Fire, the second death, where all the demonic beings in the Abyss, and the human spiritual beings in Hades which is above the Abyss, will be thrown to live forever at the White Throne Judgment. We believe the NASB+ and NKJV+ are correct in all of their other uses of Hades, the Abyss (bottomless pit) and Hell; while other translations are not.

*Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. Rev 20:14 NKJV+ Hades; Abyss; Hell

 

Peter continues after Christ had been put to death in the flesh; His spiritual being (human soul and spirit) would go to azazel, the prison where these demons are kept in the Abyss. There Jesus would proclaim His victory over satan, these demons, and death for all believers. 

*For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit; in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison, who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water 1Pe 3:18-20 NASB+

 

Paul confirms Jesus went into the Abyss on Passover Day Nisan 14, 30AD.

*But the righteousness based on faith says, “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ down) or “ ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). Ro 10:7 ESV+

 

The man who lets the scapegoat go to azazel, symbolized the Roman Governor Pontius Pilate; who ordered Jesus to be crucified, physically killed, so His spiritual being could go to azazel, the demons in the Abyss. Before Pilate crucified Jesus he washed his hands to signify he was innocent of Jesus’s blood; of killing an innocent man. Israel then took responsibility upon themselves, their children for spilling the blood of Jesus, taking His physical life. This is why the man who led the scapegoat had to symbolically remove this great sin Israel would commit; by washing his clothes, then His entire body in water, before coming back to camp. 

*And he who lets the goat go to Azazel shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp. Lev 16:26 ESV+

*So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather that a riot was beginning, he took water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this man’s blood; see to it yourselves.” And all the people answered, “His blood be on us and on our children!Matt 27:24-25 ESV+

 

Passover Day below will make this clearer; when the interactions of the Scapegoat and Passover Lamb on Passover Day are put in context.

 

Others believe azazel traditionally means a scapegoat, others a mountain in Israel; yet neither changes what Jesus symbolically did as the scapegoat. 

If the traditional word scapegoat (removal goat) is used; it does not change the meaning of what Jesus will do, though it is a little less descriptive.

If Azazel refers to a mountain in Israel; it is referring to the scapegoat being led by a man to the top of a mountain (azazel), on the Day of Atonement. Here the man would kill the scapegoat, then push the dead scapegoat down from the top of this mountain, to descend to the ground below. Symbolizing Jesus after He was crucified (killed when our sins were laid on Him); would descend into Hades, then descend into the Abyss to deposit the world’s sins there.

 

2. Passover Day (Pesach): Nisan 14, 30AD (March/April): Replaced by Good Friday

Day Jesus was crucified, spiritually ascended into Heaven

 

God sent Moses to free Israel from over 400 years of Egyptian slavery, by bringing plagues against Egypt. God’s last plague of sending the angel of death to kill the first born male of both man and beast living in Egypt would convince Pharaoh, the ruler of Egypt, to let Israel go. Israel was saved from this plague by which killing a lamb, and putting their blood around the door frames of their houses in the late afternoon. For the angel would then pass over any house with blood around its door, without killing the firstborns living there. This foreshadowed Jesus as the sacrificial lamb, His blood on the cross saving all believers from their sins, from going to Hades.

*For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.  Ex 12:12-13 NKJV+

 

God required Israel to annually celebrate Passover Day on Nisan 14; when in the afternoon they were to slaughter a Passover Lamb, like Israel did when they were freed from Egypt. Only this time they were to pour the blood of the lambs at the altar of the Tabernacle (then the Temple when it was built), as a ceremonial work to forgive their sins, make them righteous. The Passover Lamb symbolized the Messiah who would come to save them; symbolized Jesus as the Passover Lamb who would be sacrificed to redeem us from our sins.

Passover Day (Pesach) - Nisan 14 (March/April) 5 B.C. - Replaced by Good Friday 

*“These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, the holy convocations, which you shall proclaim at the time appointed for them. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight, is the Lord’s Passover. Lev 23:4-5 ESV+

 

On Passover Day either an unblemished year old lamb from a sheep, or an unblemished lamb (kid) from a goat was acceptable as a sacrifice for sin; showing God would use both of these animals to symbolize Jesus on this day. Until Jesus would come to shed His blood on the cross, forever replacing the need of any other sacrifice for sin. 

*'Your lamb [or kid] shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. Ex 12:5 NASB+

 

2a. On Passover Day: Jesus symbolized as the Passover lamb (sheep) and the scapegoat What Spiritually Happened on the Cross

 

As the Passover Lamb: Jesus completely surrendered His will to His Father at Gethsemane, and allowed Himself to be arrested; becoming our Passover Lamb. Sheep are passive, even when they face slaughter; symbolic of how Jesus was led away like a sheep going to the slaughter, knowing He would be tortured, and then crucified. Yet He was silent and did not complain.  

*Going a little farther, he fell to the ground and prayed that if possible the hour might pass from him"Abba, Father," he said, "everything is possible for you. Take this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will." Mk 14:35-36 NIV+

*He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He opened not His mouth; He was led as a lamb to the slaughter, And as a sheep before its shearers is silent, So He opened not His mouth. Isa 53:7 NKJV+

 

Jesus gave His life for our sins, on Passover Day. No one would ever have the power to kill Jesus, for His Father would protect Him.

*Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels? Matt 26:53 ESV+

*"For this reason the Father loves Me, because I lay down My life so that I may take it again. "No one has taken it away from Me, but I lay it down on My own initiative. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This commandment I received from My Father." Jn 10:17-18 NASB+

 

Jesus was brutally tortured, whipped, and then crucified; which was one of the most painful and humiliating deaths one would have to endure. He was hung upon a wooden cross protruding from the ground, by having nails driven through His wrists and feet; until He would suffocate and physically die.

*But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, And by His stripes we are healed. Isa 53:5 NKJV+

*Yet it was the Lord's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the Lord makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand. Isa 53:10 NIV+

 

As the Scapegoat had the sins of Israel laid on him; when Jesus was hanging on the cross His Father laid the sins of the world upon Him; which made His physical body sinful, no longer holy. Because Jesus was now sinful, He was separated from His Father; forsaken by the sin He carried.

*The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness. Lev 16:22 NKJV+

*All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his own way; But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all To fall on Him. Isa 53:6 NASB+

*And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Matt 27:46 ESV+

 

As the Passover lamb:  Our sins killed Jesus; mine, the sins of all believers. For only sin can cause physical death, and Jesus had no sin as He was put on the cross. Only when believers’ sins were laid upon Him; did Jesus become sinful, which allowed Him to die on the cross. Jesus shed His blood to atone for our sins; replacing the Passover Lamb He symbolized.

*Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned--  Ro 5:12 NKJV+

*For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. Matt 26:28 NKJV+

*even as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” Matt 20:27-28 ESV+

 

When He said “It is finished” upon the cross, He was referring to His physical body dying; His physical life was over. Jesus’ human spiritual being was now released out of His sinful physical body, which had been cursed by God. His spiritual being carried our sins, carried God’s curse, carrying, which made His spiritual being sinful also. Jesus spiritual being went to Hades, where all humans’ spiritual beings will go if they are not holy; do not have the Holy Spirit living within them.

*He was taken from prison and from judgment, And who will declare His generation? For He was cut off from the land of the living; For the transgressions of My people He was stricken. And they made His grave with the wicked-- But with the rich at His death, Because He had done no violence, Nor was any deceit in His mouth. Isa 53:8-9 NKJV+

*“And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his body shall not remain all night on the tree, but you shall bury him the same day, for a hanged man is cursed by God. Dt 21:21-23 ESV+  

*Clean out the old leaven so that you may be a new lump, just as you are in fact unleavened. For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed. 1Co 5:7 NASB+

 

Just as the Passover Lamb had to be roasted in fire; Jesus spiritual being would have to suffer the torment in Hades, like the rich man did.

*Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire--its head with its legs and its entrails. Ex 12:9 NKJV+

*"Now the poor man died and was carried away by the angels to Abraham's bosom; and the rich man also died and was buried. "In Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far away and Lazarus in his bosom. "And he cried out and said, 'Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus so that he may dip the tip of his finger in water and cool off my tongue, for I am in agony in this flame. Lk 16:22-24 NASB+

 

Jesus human spiritual being would remain in Hades until His Father accepted His sacrifice for the sins of the world.

*he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption. Acts 2:31 NKJV+

*After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light [of life] and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. Isa 53:11 NIV+

 

As the Scapegoat, who was now sent to Azazel in the Abyss; to deposit the sins of the world. Where He would also proclaim His victory over satan, over death to believers; to all the demons present there.  

*For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit; in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison, who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water 1Pe 3:18-20 NASB+

*But the righteousness based on faith says, “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ down) or

“ ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). Ro 10:7 ESV+

 

As the Passover lamb Jesus spiritual being ascended into Heaven; bringing behind Him all the spiritual beings of those who had physically died following God in the Old Covenant; and were in Abraham’s Bosom.

*Therefore it says, "When he ascended on high, he led captives in his train and gave gifts to men." (What does "he ascended" mean except that he also descended to the lower, earthly regionsHe who descended is the very one who ascended higher than all the heavens, in order to fill the whole universe.) Eph 4:8-10 NIV+

 

All blessing and honor would be first for the Jews, then the Gentiles; here the Jewish believers would be the first to spiritually come into the Kingdom of God

* For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance--now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant. Heb 9:5 NIV+

*but glory, honor and peace for everyone who does good: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. Ro 2:10 NIV+

 

On Passover Day, after Jesus’ spiritual being had ascended into Heaven with those in Abraham’s Bosom; He would welcome to Paradise the spiritual being of the thief/criminal who had been crucified next to Him. For the thief had physically died after Jesus sacrifice had been accepted by His Father; and Jesus had promised to take the thief to Paradise this very same day, before it would end at sundown (around 6 PM Jewish time). The thief might have been the first to directly come to Heaven in the New Covenant of Christ’s grace upon on the cross.

*Then he said to Jesus, "Lord, remember me when You come into Your kingdom." And Jesus said to him, "Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise." Lk 23:42-45 NKJV+ 

 

The thief asked Jesus to remember Him in His Kingdom; Jesus’ Kingdom was not Abraham’s Bosom, but His Father’s Kingdom in Heaven, Paradise, where Jesus would sit at the right hand of His Father. Jesus died around 3 PM, there would only be 2-3 hours left before Passover Day ended at sundown (around 6 PM); then He would be in Heaven greeting the thief. This means Jesus could not have suffered in Hades more than 3 hours in our time. Remembering there is no time in the eternal world; in either Heaven or Hades, a day is like a 1,000 years (2Pe 3:8); making our hour over 40 years. So we really do not know how long Jesus had to suffer in Hades; until His Father accepted His sacrifice for our sins.

 

After Jesus atoning sacrifice had been accepted by His Father, He did not need to be resurrected from being physically dead to be able to forgive sins. The blood Jesus shed on the cross forgives sins; made all spiritual beings in Abraham Bosom, the spiritual being of the thief/criminal on the cross, and all believers’ spiritual beings; holy, so they can come into Heaven. Then on Firstfruits below; when Jesus arose from being physically dead with a glorified body; we have the assurance that we also will be given a glorified body when Jesus returns for us.

*In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace Eph 1:7 NKJV+

 

3. Firstfruits (Reshit Katzir): Nissan 16, 30AD (March/April); Replaced by Resurrection Day/Easter

Jesus was symbolized as the Passover Lamb

 

Firstfruits was the 1st day (Sun) after the 1st regular Sabbath (Sat); after the 1st special Sabbath of Feast Unleavened Bread; which was held on Nisan 15. 

In the morning of Firstfruits; the first sheaf of grain from believers’ fields was to be cut, then given to the priests at the Temple in Jerusalem to present to the Lord. This was the firstfruits of the crop which would later be harvested.

*"Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. Lev 23:10-11 NKJV+

 

He was presented to our Father on Sunday the Day of First fruits. Jesus was the first fruits of our Father's plan of salvation; the first to be resurrected from being physically dead, and given a glorified body. 40 days later Jesus would be the first to have His glorified physical body taken into Heaven on Ascension Day. Just as all believers will the crop which will later be harvested and be given a holy, eternal, glorified body when Jesus returns.

*But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. 1Co 15:20 NASB+ 

*But each in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ. 1Co 15:23 ESV+

 

Remain being symbolized as the Passover lamb; when Jesus ascended 40 days later into Heaven He will always be known as the Passover Lamb who shed His blood to save us. Who was worthy to open the seals; as the Lamb who will defeat the antichrist to rule over earth for 1,000 years.

*saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing!” Rev 5:12 ESV+

*They will make war on the Lamb, and the Lamb will conquer them, for he is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those with him are called and chosen and faithful.” Rev 17:14 ESV+

 

Be the Passover Lamb forever after our Father has destroyed satan for the last time (Rev 20:9-10), and made a new heaven and earth (Rev 21:10). Jesus will be the Lamb who sits on the throne with His Father; the Lamb who provides light for Jerusalem with the glory of God. 

*And the city has no need of sun or moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb. Rev 21:23 ESV+

*No longer will there be anything accursed, but the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and his servants will worship him. Rev 22:3 ESV+

 

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Copyright 2017 by Ron Borkey

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