Specifics; Death and Resurrection of Jesus Rewritten 5/26/16

Here are background specifics of Christ’s crucifixion + resurrection in 30AD

How Jesus spiritually redeemed us is told in What Spiritually Happened on the Cross

 

1. Events of the Passover + Feast of Unleavened Bread - Ex 12:1-30

2. Jewish calendar; Passover/Preparation Day + Feast of Unleavened Bread 30AD

3. Matthew, Mark, Luke, John; all agree Jesus died on Nisan 14    

3a. Nisan 14 Passover/Preparation Day; Nissan 15 1st Sabbath Day of Unleavened Bread

3b. The Passover Meal was not eaten until Nisan 15; 1st Day Sabbath of Unleavened Bread  

3c. “Preparing the Passover” on Passover/Preparation Day; means removing all yeast

3d. Jesus did not eat the Passover Meal

4. Monday Nissan 10 was Palm Monday; there is no Palm Sunday 

5. It was on Friday Nissan 14 30AD that Jesus was crucified and physically died

5a. When was Jesus on the cross

6. Jesus was physically resurrected on Sunday Nisan 16, 30AD

6a. The Third Day Jesus arose; Friday 1st day, Saturday 2nd day, and Sunday the third day

6b. Women first to see Jesus

6c. Jesus appears 2 disciples on road to Emmaus; then Peter

7. Jesus gives indwelling of Holy Spirit; late Resurrection evening

 

1. Events of the Passover + Feast of Unleavened Bread - Ex 12:1-30

 

Nisan 10 – Select a 1 year old male lamb, which could be either a sheep or goat, without blemish for the Passover lamb

*“This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you. Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household. Ex 12:2-3 ESV+

*Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, Ex 12:5 ESV+

 

Nisan 14Passover/Preparation Day; on this day:

a. slaughtered daily sacrificial lambs beginning at 12:30 pm, then Passover lambs around 1:30 pm

 Virtualreligion.net/iho/Sabbath.html 166

b. Israel to remove all yeast from their possession by sundown Nisan 14; before Nissan 15 began Feast of Unleavened Bread

* In the first month, from the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. Ex 12:18 ESV+

 

Nisan 15 – began the 7 day Feast of Unleavened Bread which ended on Nisan 21.  On Nisan 15:

a. Passover Feast was eaten on the 1st night of this feast which was a Sabbath. See 3b.

b. This was the 1st day of a week in which no yeast was to be eaten. See 3c.

anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel. Ex 12:15 NIV+

c. A sacred assembly (was called a Sabbath, but food could be prepared) was held on the 1st day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread;

*On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat--that is all you may do. Ex 12:16 NIV+

 

Nisan 16 – First fruits presented to God: 1st day after regular Sabbath during Festival. See 6.

 

Nisan 17-20 – Regular days of Feast of Unleavened Bread

 

Nisan 21 – A sacred assembly (was called a Sabbath, but food could be prepared) was held on the 7th day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread

*On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat--that is all you may do. Ex 12:16 NIV+

 

The Feast of Unleavened Bread begins on a full moon. The first day of Nisan was always adjusted to be the beginning day of a new moon, so the full moon would always fall 14.77 days later, at the ending of Nissan 14 and the beginning of Nisan 15, (29.53 days lunar month, middle is full moon; 14.77 days). The Jewish first month (Ex 12:2) was changed to Abib (Ex 23:15) and then to Nisan (Est 3:7).

*Blow the trumpet at the time of the New Moon, At the full moon, on our solemn feast day. Ps 81:3 NKJV+

 

Date: Jewish dates of the month (Nisan 10 - 21) remain the same; the weekdays change depending on when the new moon of Nissan begins. This allows a full moon to occur during the Feast of Unleavened Bread; just as Israel flight from Egypt was helped by a full moon.  

 

# Our 7 day week days remain the same, Mon through Sun. We celebrate the same days of Palm Monday - Good Friday - Resurrection Day/Easter Sunday each year; for we are celebrating the year and the days Jesus fulfilled the Passover + Feast of Unleavened Bread in 30AD. While trying to get these preset days as close to a full moon as possible in the spring, in either March or April.

 

Time: Jewish days started at sunset and ended at sunset 24 hours later. Below we will use approximate times of 6pm to 6am for 12 hours of night, and 6am to 6pm for 12 hours of light for a 24 hour day.

 

# Our days start at 12 am to 6 am for 6 hours of night - 6 am to 6pm for 12 hours of light - 6pm to 12 pm for 6 hours of night for 24 hour day regardless of when the sun sets.

 

Eves or Evenings: Jewish time has a twilight period with 2 eves, which were separated by sundown; 1 eve ending a day, sundown, a second eve beginning a new day. We must determine which evening is being referred by the context of what is happening. See 3a 3rd paragraph

 

2. Jewish calendar; Passover/Preparation Day + Feast of Unleavened Bread 30AD

 

This Calendar includes Jewish monthly dates Nissan 9-16 and what weekly days they fell on. The Jewish date and day are given first, underneath the day is broken down in 6 hour intervals so it can correspond to our time. It lists the events at the Passover/Feast, and then after a # what Jesus was doing to complete our salvation during the Passover/Preparation Day + Feast of Unleavened Bread 30AD.

 

*Nisan 10 – Monday - Selection Day of the Passover lamb - # Palm Monday See 4.

Sunday 6pm-12am

Mon 12am-6am

Mon 6am-12pm: Select male lamb, without blemish to be killed for the Passover Feast.

*“This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you. Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household. Ex 12:2-3 ESV+

 

# On Palm Monday Jesus came from Bethany and then rode a donkey into Jerusalem; and was chosen by the people.

*So the disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them. They brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him on them. And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. Matt 21:6-8 NKJV+

Mon 12pm-6pm

 

Nisan 11 – Tuesday

Mon 6pm-12am

Tues 12am-6am

Tues 6am-12pm

Tues 12pm-6pm

 

Nisan 12 – Wednesday

Tues 6pm-12am

Wed 12am-6am

Wed 6am-12pm

Wed 12pm-6pm

 

Nisan 13 – Thursday

Wed 6pm-12am

Thurs 12am-6am

Thurs 6am-12pm

Thurs 12pm-6pm

 

*Nisan 14 – FridayPassover/Preparation Day - # Our Good Friday See 5.

Thur 6pm-12am – Passover, Preparation Day, all yeast had to be removed before sunset See 3c.

# Peter and John remove all yeast removed from the upper room, so Jesus and His disciple can move into it. See 3c.

 

# Jesus institutes His Supper the Lord’s Supper See 3d. 3rd paragraph

 

# Jesus and the disciples go to the Mount of Olives, to a part of it referred to as Gethsemane, so Jesus could pray.

*And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. Matt 26:30 NKJV+

*Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I go over there and pray.” Matt 26:36 ESV+

 

Fri 12am-6am

# At Gethsemane Jesus is betrayed by Judas, arrested by the guards of the chief priests, and sent to the High Priest to be questioned.  

*Rise, let us be going. See, My betrayer is at hand." And while He was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, with a great multitude with swords and clubs, came from the chief priests and elders of the people. Matt 26:46-47 NKJV+

*Then those who had seized Jesus led him to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. Matt 26:57 ESV+

 

Fri 6am-12pm

# Jesus is brought before the Sanhedrin, then before Pilate, then to Herod, and finally back to Pilot.

*Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the people came to the decision to put Jesus to death. They bound him, led him away and handed him over to Pilate, the governor. Matt 27:1-2 NIV+

*And when he learned that he belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time. Lk 23:7 ESV+

*Then Herod, with his men of war, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him back to Pilate. Lk 23:12 NKJV+  

 

# Pilate tried to release Jesus as the prisoner to be set free on the Passover, but the crowd demanded Barabbas. So then Pilot had Jesus whipped (flogged) after which the soldiers mocked Jesus. Then Pilate gave in to the crowd, sent Jesus to be crucified. See 5. 7th paragraph

*But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner at the time of the Passover. Do you want me to release 'the king of the Jews'? "They shouted back, "No, not him! Give us Barabbas!" Now Barabbas had taken part in a rebellion. Jn 18:39-40 NIV+

*Then Pilate took Jesus and flogged him. And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. Jn 19:1-2 ESV+

*So he then handed Him over to them to be crucified. Jn 19:16 NASB+

 

Fri 12pm-6pm

# Darkness came over the land when Jesus was put on the cross at the 6th hour (12pm). Jesus was on the cross while the daily and Passover lambs were being sacrificed; for He would replace them as the only means to forgive our sins. See 5a

*And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. Mk 15:33 ESV+ Days began 6am 6th hour 12pm.

 

The daily lambs were sacrificed at 12:30pm, presented at 1:30 and then Passover lambs began being sacrificed for the Passover Supper which would be eaten that night on Nisan 15, the first Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Virtualreligion.net/iho/Sabbath.html 166

 

# As Jesus physically dies, the curtain of the Temple is torn in two, the earth quakes, the rocks split, and the bodies of many holy people were resurrected to life once more. The darkness ends when He dies around the 9th hour (3pm). See 5a

*And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit. At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook and the rocks split. The tombs broke open and the bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life. Matt 27:50-52 NIV+

*And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. Mk 15:33 ESV+ Days began 6am 9th hour 3pm.

 

# The legs were broken on the 2 criminals crucified with Jesus a short time after Jesus physically died so they would die in time to be buried before sundown when the Sabbath of Nisan 15 began.

*Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him. But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. Jn 19:32-33 NKJV+ See 5a 3rd paragraph  

 

#Jesus is taken down from the cross by Joseph of Arimathea and around buried in his tomb before the sundown began the Sabbath of Nisan 15, as required by the ceremonial law. See 5a 4th  paragraph  

*This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen cloth and placed it in a tomb cut in the rock, one in which no one had yet been laid. It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin. Lk 23:52-54 NIV+

 

# 1st day Jesus is in the grave. See 6a.   

 

*Nisan 15 – Saturday – 1st Day Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread; also the Weekly Sabbath; on this night the Passover Feast was eaten

Fri 6pm-12am

At sundown 6pm, the Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread started; no work allowed except preparation of food for eating, no one could be crucified, and no one could remain crucified upon a cross.

*Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. Jn 19:31 ESV+

 

No yeast could be in the possession of any of Israel. See 3c.

 

After sundown was the evening till 8pm; then night came and the Passover Feast was eaten. See 3b.

*They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it. Ex 12:8 ESV+

 

The entire lamb had to be eaten or burned before the following morning.

*You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire. Ex 12:10 NKJV+

 

# On this Sabbath, the women who came with Jesus from Galilee could not go to His tomb to anoint Him with spices.

*Now the women who had come with Him out of Galilee followed, and saw the tomb and how His body was laid. Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment. Lk 23:55-56 NASB+

 

Sat 12am-6am: 

Sat 6am-12pm

The chief priests went to Pilate in the morning and he gave them some soldiers to guard the tomb; so disciples of Jesus would not steal His body and say Jesus had risen from the dead.

*Now on the next day, the day after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, Matt 27:62 NASB+

*"Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, 'He has risen from the dead,' and the last deception will be worse than the first." Pilate said to them, "You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how." Matt 27:64-65 NASB+

 

Sat 12pm-6pm:

# 2nd day Jesus is in the grave. See 6a.   

 

*Nisan 16 – Sunday - First fruits, Reshit Katzir - # Resurrection Day, Easter Sunday

Sat 6pm-12am 

 

Sun 12am-6am

# 3rd day Jesus is in the grave. See 6a.

 

Sun 6am-12pm

First fruits, Reshit Katzir celebrated on the first day (Sunday) after the weekly Sabbath which occurs during the Feast of Unleavened Bread. On this day the first fruits are picked from the field and presented to a priest who waved them before God. See 6.

 

#After sunrise the earth shook as Jesus physically arose from the dead, and an angel rolled away the stone from the tomb. Jesus physical body has been resurrected from the dead by the Holy Spirit and He is alive. See Resurrection Week; 7 Days Salvation Completed 7th Day

*Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it. Matt 28:1-2 NKJV+

*But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you. Ro 8:11 NKJV+

# Jesus presents Himself as the firstfruits from the grave to His Heavenly Father. See 6.

*But each in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ. 1Co 15:23 ESV+

 

#Jesus appeared to the women, then to Mary Magdalene. See 6b.

 

Sun 12pm-6pm

#Jesus appears to two of His disciples on their way to Emmaus in the afternoon. See 6c.

*Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem. And they talked together of all these things which had happened. So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went with them. Lk 24:13-15 NKJV+

 

#Late that evening Jesus appears to some of His disciples; and baptizes them with the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. Christ is risen, He is risen indeed; and completed Gods plan of salvation in 7 days; 7 symbolizing the perfect completion of a work of God.

*Then, the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, "Peace be with you." Jn 20:19 NKJV+

*And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit. Jn 20:22 NKJV+

 

3. Matthew, Mark, Luke, John; all agree Jesus died on Nisan 14    

These 4 writers were guided by the Holy Spirit to teach us the truth about Jesus; from His birth to His ascension into Heaven. All 4 of these writers are in context with each other as they explained what happened in the week Jesus was chosen, crucified, resurrected, and gave the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. Though there are slight discrepancies as there will always be when 4 different people describe a miraculous happening through they own experiences and backgrounds. They do not have 2 different time periods for Christ’s crucifixion; it was on day of Nissan 14; therefore Jesus did not eat the Passover in 30AD for it was eaten on Nissan 15, as you will see below.

 

All 4 of these writers agree that Jesus was crucified and physically died on Nissan 14; which was Passover Day, and also called Preparation Day. Passover/Preparation day was the day before the Feast of Unleavened Bread began on Nisan 15. Nissan 15 was the first Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and because this year Nissan 15 fell on Saturday, the regular weekly Sabbath, there was a double Sabbath on it.  

Matthew 27:62-63 NKJV+ *On the next day, which followed the Day of Preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees gathered together to Pilate, saying, "Sir, we remember, while He was still alive, how that deceiver said, 'After three days I will rise.'

Mark 15:42-43 NKJV+ *Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.

Luke 23:52-54 NKJV+ *This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.  Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb that was hewn out of the rock, where no one had ever lain before. That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near.

John 19:14-15 NKJV+ *Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, "Behold your King!" But they cried out, "Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar!"

 

3a. The Passover Meal was not eaten until Nisan 15; 1st Day Sabbath of Unleavened Bread  

From the verses of the 4 gospel writers above it is clear Jesus was crucified and physically died on Nisan 14 which was Passover/Preparation Day. Mark clearly states that Joseph of Arimathea in the late evening of Preparation Day Nisan 14, the day before the Sabbath on Nisan 15, put Jesus in the tomb he (Joseph) had prepared for himself. Jesus would be buried in Joseph’s tomb before the sunset for the Sabbath day of Nissan 15 began around 6pm; and the Passover would have been eaten that night after the evening was over around 8pm. No one including Jesus could have been crucified on Nisan 15, for it was a Sabbath, a holy day of the Jews. See 2. Jewish calendar for events on Nissan 14+15

*Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Mark 15:42-43 NKJV+ 

 

Nisan 14 Passover/Preparation Day; Nissan 15 1st Sabbath Day of Unleavened Bread

 

On Passover/Preparation Day each family was to butcher the Passover lamb in the eve (middle to late afternoon) before sundown.

*and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight. Ex 12:6 ESV+ 

On Passover/Preparation Day all had to remove all yeast from their possession before this day ended at sundown.

*Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. Ex 12:15 ESV+

 

Twilight light is 2 eves or evenings:

1. Eve; ending the existing day – sundown beginning a new day – 2. eve beginning the new day – then night new day

Passover lambs killed Nissan 14 eve – sundown new day Nissan 15 – eve before night – night Passover Meal eaten

 

The 1st Day of Unleavened Bread is a Sabbath which follows Passover/Preparation Day. It would begin at sundown around 6pm, through the eve, and when the night came around 8pm the Passover Lamb was to be eaten.

*On the first day you shall hold a holy assembly, and on the seventh day a holy assembly. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you. Ex 12:16 ESV+

*Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. Ex 12:8 NKJV

 

3b. Passover/Preparation Day and Feast of Unleavened Bread; often combined as one Feast

 

Passover/Preparation Day was the 1st day of an 8 day celebration which also included the 7 days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Since these 2 celebrations overlapped each other with the Passover Meal, they were often referred to as one single 8 day celebration; which could be called either the Passover, or the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Passover/Preparation Day was 1 day, when combined with the 7 days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread; and the Feast of Unleavened Bread would be the 2nd through the 8th day of this combined celebration. See calendar 2. lists days

*“On the fourteenth day of the first month is the Lord’s Passover, and on the fifteenth day of this month is a feast. Seven days shall leavened bread be eaten. Num 28:16-17 ESV+

 

The easiest way to determine whether a single celebration is being referred to; or whether the 8 day Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread celebrations are being referred to as one single 8 day celebration, called either the Passover, or the Feast of Unleavened Bread; is by what is happening on the day or days being referred to. 

 

Mark, in the verse below is referring to the Passover/Preparation Day and Feast of Unleavened Bread as being one combined 8 day celebration of the Unleavened Bread. For we know the Passover lambs were killed only on Nisan 14 Passover/Preparation Day, not on Nissan 15 which is the first day Sabbath, of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. So the 1st day of the Unleavened Bread is referring to the 8 day combined celebration of Passover/Preparation Day and Feast of Unleavened Bread of which Passover/Preparation Day is the 1st day; and the day which the Passover lambs are killed.

*And on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they sacrificed the Passover lamb, his disciples said to him, “Where will you have us go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?” Mk 14:12 ESV+

 

Using the explanations from the 3 paragraphs above; at the beginning of Passover/Preparation Day, just after sunset (around 6pm) which starts this day, Jesus and His disciples came to Jerusalem looking for a place to live for the 8 days of the Passover/Preparation Day and Feast of Unleavened Bread celebrations. Jesus had already made arrangements for an upper room for them, and sent Peter and John ahead to prepare the Passover Meal; which would have been eaten on the night of the next day, Nisan 15.   

*Then came the day of Unleavened Bread, on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. So Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat it.” Lk 22:7-8 ESV+

 

3c. Preparing the Passover on Passover/Preparation Day; means removing all yeast

 

“Preparing the Passover” on Passover/Preparation Day Nisan 14, meant Peter and John were to remove all of the yeast from the room Jesus had reserved. Regardless of whose room one used for the Feast of Unleavened Bread, those occupying it would be responsible for removing any yeast which it had, even yeast bread crumbs. Removing all the yeast, especially crumbs, was much easier to do before the disciples and Jesus moved their belongings into the room.

The disciples would probably bring only unleavened food into the room to eat even on Passover/Preparation Day night, breakfast and lunch which was before it was required to be removed by sundown. As they would not want to clean this room all over again. That is why we believe the Lord’s Supper which Jesus gave us on the night of Passover/Preparation Day had unleavened bread; although unleavened bread was not required to be eaten yet.

Since the man who provided the guest room knew Jesus as His teacher, the room probably had little to no yeast in it; and it did not take very long for Peter and John to prepare the room and make it ready for Jesus and His disciples to move in.   

*"Unleavened bread shall be eaten throughout the seven days; and nothing leavened shall be seen among you, nor shall any leaven be seen among you in all your borders. Ex 13:7 NASB+

*He said to them, “Behold, when you have entered the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him into the house that he enters and tell the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’ And he will show you a large upper room furnished; prepare it there.” And they went and found it just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover. Lk 22:10-13 ESV+

 

Mark affirms that Jesus and His disciples came to Jerusalem in the evening, the eve beginning the new day, which would be approximately between 6pm to 8pm before night came. They reclined and ate a meal Jesus had made the arrangements for, of which we do not know much about. It may have just been a regular meal without yeast so they would not contaminate the room. As they were eating Jesus told them that Judas would betray Him.  

*When it was evening He came with the twelve. As they were reclining at the table and eating, Jesus said, "Truly I say to you that one of you will betray Meone who is eating with Me." Mk 14:17 NKJV+

 

3d. Jesus did not eat the Passover Meal

 

We know they were not eating the Passover Supper for Jesus told them He would not eat of this meal, nor drink of the cup of the fruit of the vine until the Kingdom of God comes; until He drinks it a new in Heaven with us.

*Then He said to them, "With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God." Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, "Take this and divide it among yourselves; for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes." Lk 22:15-18 NKJV+

 

And when Judas left in a hurry after satan entered him; many of the disciples thought He was buying food for the Passover Feast which would happen the next night on Nisan 15.

*Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. And supper being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray Him,

*Since Judas had charge of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the Feast, or to give something to the poor. As soon as Judas had taken the bread, he went out. And it was night. Jn 13:29-30 NIV+

 

Jesus did not eat the Passover supper, because He came to be the Passover Lamb this year; dying at the time they were slaughtered. The night before He was crucified He initiated His own Supper, the Lord’s Supper, which replaces the Passover Meal forever. Jesus wants all believers to continually come to His Table and celebrate His Supper.

*While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, "Take and eat; this is my body." Then he took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you. This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it anew with you in my Father's kingdom." Matt 26:26-29 NIV+

 

4. Monday Nissan 10 was Palm Monday; there is no Palm Sunday 

 

On Nisan 10 Jesus was chosen by the people, like the Passover lamb was chosen by them; for Jesus was going to be the Passover Lamb this year. The crowds praised Him as He rode a donkey through Jerusalem. 

*Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household. Ex 12:3 ESV+

So they took branches of palm trees and went out to meet him, crying out, Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, even the King of Israel!” Jn 12:13 ESV+

 

Friday Nissan 14 is Passover/Preparation Day, when Jesus was crucified. see 5. below.

*Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Mk 15:42-43 NKJV+

 

Then if Nissan 14 is Fri; Nissan 13 is Thurs; Nissan 12 is Wed; Nissan 11 is Tues; Nisan 10 is Mon; Palm Monday

 

5. It was on Friday Nissan 14 30AD that Jesus was crucified and physically died

 

Nissan 9                    10 – Chose lamb/Jesus     11  12   13        14 – Passover/Crucified  

Fri Bethany trip ok          Palm Sat/ can’t work       Sun-Mon-Tues            Wed not possible 

Sat/Bethany/ can’t travel     Palm Sun ok                        Mon-Tues-Wed           Thurs not possible  

Sun Bethany trip ok         Palm Mon ok              Tues-Wed-Thurs        Fri – only possibility

 

On the regular Sabbath no one in Israel could work, could only walk 500 yards, less than 1/3 mile, their animals could not be worked or ridden. Virtualreligion.net/iho/Sabbath.html  155-21 only walk 500 yards, 154-10 could not work, nor any animal work; Ex 16:29, Dt 5:14

 

And Jesus would keep the law until His atoning grace on the cross would abolish the ceremonial laws.

*"Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. "For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Matt 5:17-18 NASB+

 

Wednesday could not have been Passover Day; for then Nissan 10 would be on the Sabbath, and Jesus also could not have ridden a donkey, and the crowd could not have cut down palm branches.

*The disciples went and did just as Jesus had instructed them, and brought the donkey and the colt, and laid their coats on them; and He sat on the coats. Most of the crowd spread their coats in the road, and others were cutting branches from the trees and spreading them in the road. Matt 21:6-8 NASB+

 

Thursday was not Passover Day; for then the Sabbath would have been the day Jesus walked approximately 15 miles from Ephraim to Bethany. Though possible Jesus could have walked to within 500 yards of Bethany on Friday; so on the Sabbath He could have walked into this town. But unlikely as this close to town He would have been exposed to those who plotted to kill Him. 

*Jesus, therefore, six days before the Passover, came to Bethany where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead. So they made Him a supper there, and Martha was serving; but Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with Him. Jn 12:1-2 NASB+

*So from that day on they planned together to kill Him. Therefore Jesus no longer continued to walk publicly among the Jews, but went away from there to the country near the wilderness, into a city called Ephraim; and there He stayed with the disciples. Jn 11:53-54 NASB+

 

5a. Jesus on the cross

 

When Passover/Preparation Day was on the eve of the Sabbath, the daily lamb was sacrificed at 12:30pm and offered up at 1:30pm; then the Passover lambs would be sacrificed. Jesus was sacrificed on the cross during the same time the Passover lamb and the daily sacrificial lamb were sacrificed; replacing them as the only sacrifice by which our sins can be forgiven.

Virtualreligion.net/iho/Sabbath.html  166 + 167

 

Mark and John have different times for Jesus to be put on the cross and crucified. Mark tells us it was 9am; John tells us around 12pm Jesus was led away to be crucified. 

*And it was the third hour when they crucified him. Mk 15:25 - Days started at 6am 3rd hour 9am

* Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, "Behold your King!" But they cried out, "Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar!" Then he delivered Him to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus and led Him away. Jn 19:14-16 NKJV+ Days started at 6am 6th hour 12pm

 

The only part we are certain of is Jesus was on the cross from 12pm to 3pm, for darkness came over the area while God’s Son was on the cross. Jesus died around 3pm in the afternoon when the darkness was over; the other 2 criminals had their legs broken around 3:30pm and probably died around 5pm.

*And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. Mk 15:33 ESV+ Days started at 6am 6th hour 12pm; 9th hour 3pm.

*Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him. But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. Jn 19:31-34 NKJV+

 

Then all 3 were taken down from their crosses. Jesus by Joseph of Arimathea who put Jesus in His new tomb cut in rock and sealed its opening with a large stone; before the sundown beginning the Sabbath of Nisan 15 came. 

*When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut in the rock. And he rolled a great stone to the entrance of the tomb and went away. Matt 27:57-60 ESV+

 

Jesus was alive on the cross from 12pm to 3pm; during the darkness, during the time the sacrificial and Passover lambs He replaced were offered up. Then removed from the cross around 4pm. John’s time period from around 12pm could allow 30-40 minutes before 12pm, the time needed for Jesus to walk the 650 yards up to Golgotha where He was crucified and on the cross. Though Mark’s time of being on the cross from 9am to 4pm is 7 hours; 7 is the perfect completion of a work of God. And the 3 hours of darkness could have come when Jesus was replacing the daily and Passover lambs. These 2 times are not worth arguing over, for we know the critical times Jesus was on the cross alive, and approximate time when He was taken down from the cross

 

The women who traveled with Jesus went to the tomb and saw the dead physical body of Jesus. Then they returned home before sunset, which would end the day of Friday Nissan 14, which was Passover/Preparation Day and now had become our Good Friday. They went home to prepare spices for Jesus’ body until sunset came and the double Sabbath of Nissan 15 began (regular Sabbath + 1st day Sabbath of Feast of Unleavened Bread). They would rest on the Sabbath before bringing their spices to Jesus’ tomb on Sunday to anoint Him. 

*The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee followed Joseph and saw the tomb and how his body was laid in it. Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the commandment. Lk 23:55-56 NIV+

 

6. Jesus was physically resurrected on Sunday Nisan 16, 30 AD

 

Jesus is our Heavenly Father’s Firstfruits; the first to be physically resurrected from the dead with a perfect physical body. Jesus is presented to His Father on the day of Firstfruits (Reshit Katzir); which is the day (Sunday Nissan 16) after the regular Sabbath day (Saturday) during the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Jesus fulfilled Firstfruits, one of the 7 ceremonial Feasts which will be fulfilled before our Father creates a new Heaven and earth for us to live on with Him forever. See Jesus Born 9.

*Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priestHe shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. Lev 23:10-11 NKJV+

*But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 1Co 15:20 ESV+

*and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth. To Him who loved us and washed us from our sins in His own blood, Rev 1:5 NKJV+

 

There was an earthquake when Jesus physically arose; like there was when He physically died; letting people know He was God when He died, letting people know He was our risen Savior.

*Now after the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to look at the grave. And behold, a severe earthquake had occurred, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone and sat upon it. Matt 28:1-2 NASB+

*And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit. Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split, Matt 27:50-51 NKJV+

 

Christian believers started worshipping together on Sunday, because that is the day Jesus physically arose from the dead.

 

6a. The Third Day Jesus arose; Friday 1st day, Saturday 2nd day, and Sunday the third day

 

Jesus taught us how to count days; Jewish reckoning of days. This means you count the day you are on, no matter how much of it is left as a full day; then count the others as days as complete days, even if the last day is not completed.

*And He said to them, "Go and tell that fox, 'Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I reach My goal.' Lk 13:32 NASB+

 

It was a normal Jewish expression of this time to count the partial first and last days of a time period as full days; regardless of whether the first and last days had any part of the 12 hour night period of darkness, or any part of the 12 hour day period of sun. Because all partial days count as whole full day; as though they had both a 12 hour period of night (the moon), and a 12 hour period of day (the sun); “on the third day” means the same as “three days and three nights”, and “after 3 days”. All use partial days which count as full days and nights when used in sequence.

 

Jesus tells us 4 times, “He would rise from the dead the third day.

*and He said to them, "Thus it is written, that the Christ would suffer and rise again from the dead the third day, Lk 24:46 NASB+

*From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day. Matt 16:21 NKJV+

*and they will kill him, and he will be raised on the third day.” And they were greatly distressed. Matt 17:23 ESV+

*and will hand Him over to the Gentiles to mock and scourge and crucify Him, and on the third day He will be raised up." Matt 20:19 NASB+

 

Jesus revealed Himself to disciples on the road to Emmaus after He had risen on Sunday. They confirm that this was the third day after our Savior had been crucified. Friday was day 1, Saturday was day 2, and Sunday was day 3; the 3rd day since Jesus was crucified.

*and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered Him to the sentence of death, and crucified Him. "But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, it is the third day since these things happened.  Lk 24:21 NASB+

 

The apostles, Peter and Paul tell us Jesus arose on the third day; and Paul was chosen to bring this Gospel message to us; the Gentiles.

*"God raised Him up on the third day and granted that He become visible, Ac 10:40 NASB+

*and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures 1Co 15:4 NASB

 

And in the Word we are told 4 more times on the third day: Lk 9:22, 18:33, 24:7, 24:21; Jn 2:19.

 

This adds up to 11 times in God’s Word we are told Jesus would rise on the third day.

 

There are 4 times the Word tells us Jesus would rise in 3 days which can also mean on the third day; Matt 27:63; Mk 8:31, 9:31, 10:34.

 

For the crucifixion to be on Thursday; there would have to be 4 days before Jesus arose.

For the crucifixion to be on Wednesday; there would be 5 days before Jesus arose; and it would be impossible for Jesus to ride into Jerusalem on a donkey to be chosen by the people on Nisan 10; for it was the Sabbath. It definitely could not be Wednesday.

 

We believe because of the preponderance of verses saying Jesus would rise on the third day make this the time period Jesus was in the grave. And there is one more important spiritual truth than even makes us more certain.

 

Our Father’s plan of salvation was completed in 7 days when Jesus was crucified on Friday Nissan 14, 30AD. 7 symbolizes our God’s perfect completion, His spiritual perfection in giving the atoning grace of Jesus to save us from our sins. From Palm Monday Nisan 10 to Resurrection Sunday Nisan 16 is 7 days; no other combination will give us 7 days to completion.

See Resurrection Week; 7 Days Salvation Completed   

 

Yet there is one verse that makes some believe that Jesus was not crucified on Friday; for He said He would be the grave 3 days and 3 nights as Jonah was in the fish, and a Friday resurrection would only have 3 days and 2 nights.

*For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Matt 12:40 NKJV+

 

And also 2 verses which say Jesus arose after 3 days.   

*"Sir," they said, "we remember that while he was still alive that deceiver said, 'After three days I will rise again.' Matt 27:63 NIV+

* He then began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and after three days rise again. Mk 8:31 NIV+

 

Note: Mk 9:31 + 10:34 are mixed: NKJV+ “rise third day”; ESV+ “after three days”

 

6b. Women first to see Jesus

 

We know in Matthew 28: 1-2 below that it could not have been Mary Magdalene who Jesus first appeared to, nor the other Mary, for they came later in the morning. And Mary Magdalene did not see Jesus until she returned to the disciples and then returned to the tomb with them. We will follow the timeline of Matthew, then consider which women could have been the first Jesus appeared to. 

 

Matthew tells us the first group of women came to the tomb just before dawn, as the earthquake signaled the Holy Spirit had given physical life to Jesus once more. And an angel had descended from Heaven to roll away the stone from the opening of the tomb. So the women would be able to come into the tomb and see Jesus was not there, that He had risen from the dead.

*Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it. Matt 28:1-2 NKJV+

 

The angel told the women that Jesus had risen; to tell His disciples to go to Galilee. The women hurried away from the tomb and ran to tell Jesus’ disciples.

*He is not here; he has risen, just as he said. Come and see the place where he lay. Then go quickly and tell his disciples: 'He has risen from the dead and is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see him.' Now I have told you." So the women hurried away from the tomb, afraid yet filled with joy, and ran to tell his disciples. Matt 28:6-8 NIV+

 

The Roman guards who were guarding the tomb were scared, became like dead men after the angel opened the tomb, and the body of Jesus they were supposed to guard was gone.

*The guards were so afraid of him that they shook and became like dead men. Matt 28:4 NIV+

 

Jesus first appeared to these women after He had risen from the dead, as they were running from the tomb to tell the disciples, maybe when they paused to rest. When He greeted them, they fell at His feet, probably touching and holding to make sure He was alive; and then they worshiped Him. Jesus told them to tell His brothers to go to Galilee and there they would see Him.

* And behold, Jesus met them and said, “Greetings!” And they came up and took hold of his feet and worshiped him. Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid; go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee, and there they will see me.” Matt 28:9-10 ESV+

 

We believe that some of the guards, who left as the women were going, saw from afar Jesus meeting with the women. Matthew had been a tax collector, knew his way around the Temple grounds in Jerusalem where the chief priests and elders met; also around the Roman compound where the guards stayed. He may have heard the story here about the women from the soldiers; for he is the only one who told about the Roman guard being placed at the tomb and what happened to them after Jesus arose.

*While they were going, behold, some of the guard went into the city and told the chief priests all that had taken place. Matt 28:11 ESV+

 

Matthew knew Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were going to the tomb and he assumed these were the women the soldiers were talking about. Matthew also learned about them meeting with the elders who bought the guard off with money to say the disciples had stolen Jesus’ body. And these soldiers were smart enough not to say publicly what happened for their own good; and soon forgot about this incident.

*And when they had assembled with the elders and consulted together, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, and said, "You are to say, 'His disciples came by night and stole Him away while we were asleep.'  "And if this should come to the governor's ears, we will win him over and keep you out of trouble." Matt 28:12-14 NASB+

 

Because these were seasoned Roman soldiers Mathew either talked to or heard talking, he believed what they said, and was the first of the disciples to believe Jesus had arisen from the dead. We do not know who these women were but since Matthew only named 2 women, it was likely only 2 women went to the tomb. Since later on Mary Magdalene did see Jesus, Matthew thought his story was right and never looked deeper into who the women really were.

 

Some believe the women Jesus first appeared to after He had arisen from the dead, might have been living near the household of Pilate, and may have come separately from there to the tomb. Joanna husband was the household manager of Pilate and one who was later telling the apostles what she had seen. Or it could have been some of the women who followed Jesus from Galilee and saw from a distance their Savior being crucified, and were ahead of the group Mary Magdalene was in. What we do know is Jesus rewarded the first who came to honor His dead body; by making them the first to see Him alive, the first to really know He had risen from the dead.

*and Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod’s household manager, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them out of their means. Lk 8:3 ESV+

*It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them, who told these things to the apostles. And their words seemed to them like idle tales, and they did not believe them. LK 24:10-11 NKJV+

*There were also many women there, looking on from a distance, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to him, among whom were Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James and Joseph and the mother of the sons of Zebedee. Matt 27:55-56 ESV+

 

Mary Magdalene next to see Jesus after He arose from the dead

Mark 16: 1-8, Lk 24:1-13, Jn 20:1-18 tell about this.

 

Mark has Mary Magdalene, Mary mother of James, and Salome (Lk 24:10 Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary mother of James, other women) (Jn 18:1 Mary Magdalene), on the first day of the week, when the sun had risen (Lk 24:1 early dawn; Jn 1:18 still dark) and the stone had been rolled back (Lk 24:2) (Jn 1:18), going to the tomb. This means it was after the 2 women in Matthew had visited the tomb and saw the angel role the stone away, while the Roman guards were still there.   

*When the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, so that they might come and anoint Him. Very early on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen. Mk 16:1-2 NASB+

*Looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away, although it was extremely large. Mk 16:4 NASB+

 

Mark has the women seeing 1 angel (Lk 24:4 2 angels) who tell them Jesus has risen (Lk 24:6), and to tell His disciples Jesus was going to Galilee to see them.  

*As they entered the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and they were alarmed. Mk 16:5 NIV+

*"Don't be alarmed," he said. "You are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid him. Mk 16:6 NIV+

*But go, tell his disciples and Peter, 'He is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see him, just as he told you.'" Mk 16:NIV+

 

Mark has the women being too scared to tell the story, while Luke tells us the women told the story but the apostles would not believe it, John tells us Mary Magdalene told Peter and himself (John was the other disciple; did not like to refer to himself) about what she saw. We believe some of the women could have been afraid and did not tell what they saw; while a few other woman spoke up and told the disciple what they had seen.

*Trembling and bewildered, the women went out and fled from the tomb. They said nothing to anyone, because they were afraid. Mk16:8 NIV+

*It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them, who told these things to the apostles. And their words seemed to them like idle tales, and they did not believe them. LK 24:10-11 NKJV+

* So she ran and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid him.” Jn 20:2 NIV+

 

We believe Mark’s version of what happened on Nissan 16, Resurrection Day, ends with Mark 16:8. We do not believe Mark 16:9-19 was part of the original Word of God as it is not in many early manuscripts; and was probably added while the Word was being copied. Some bibles do not have it; and all the bibles we use put a warning notice before continuing with Mark 16:9.

We know verse 16:18 below, is not in context with the Word of God; has killed many who try and follow it, and are very wary of the rest of the verses in this section. 

We believe verse 16:9 does not stay in context when it suddenly jumps with Mary Magdalene being the first to see Jesus after He arose from the dead; and does not follow the context of Matthew. When he tells us Jesus appeared first appeared to the women when they went to the tomb early in the morning. 

*And these signs shall follow them that believe; Mk 16: ptn 17 KJV

*They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; Mk 16:ptn 18 KJV

 

The story of Mary Magdalene continues in Luke with Peter running out to the tomb and when he saw the linen cloths he marveled at what happened. John has Peter, himself and Mary Magdalene running to the tomb. Peter and John did not know that Jesus must rise from the dead, but believed a miracle had taken place, that the Lord God had taken Jesus, that He had arisen.

But Peter rose and ran to the tomb; stooping and looking in, he saw the linen cloths by themselves; and he went home marveling at what had happened. Lk 24:12 ESV+

*Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb. He saw the linen cloths lying there, Jn 20:6 ESV+

*Then the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went in, and he saw and believed; for as yet they did not understand the Scripture, that he must rise from the dead. Then the disciples went back to their homes. Jn 20:8-10 ESV

 

And finally in John Jesus appears for the second time after He had risen from the dead; to Mary Magdalene. For Mary sought out the truth; she would either find Jesus’ body or know that He had arisen from the tomb. 

* But Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked into the tomb. Jn 20:11 NLJV+

*Jesus said to her, "Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?" She, supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, "Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away." Jesus said to her, "Mary!" She turned and said to Him, "Rabboni!" (which is to say, Teacher). Jn 20:15-16 NKJV+

 

6c. Jesus then appears to the 2 disciples on road to Emmaus

*Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem. And they talked together of all these things which had happened. So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went with them. Lk 24:13-15 NKJV+

*But they constrained Him, saying, "Abide with us, for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent." And He went in to stay with them. Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them. Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him; and He vanished from their sight. Lk 24:29-31 NKJV+

 

These 2 disciples, one’s name being Cleopas (Lk 24:18), tell us about some of the women followers of Jesus, who they had been traveling with (our company). These women had amazed these 2 disciples by going to Jesus’ tomb and seeing visions of angels who said He was alive. The 2 disciples also knew that some of the men who they had been with (maybe Peter and John) also went to the tomb and did not find Jesus’ body there just as the women had said.

We believe these 2 disciples had faith even they did not quite understand the Scriptures, like Peter and John. Maybe even the faith to head towards Galilee, the message the angels had given the women. Jesus appeared to them because of their faith; wanted to bring them back to Jerusalem so they too could receive the indwelling of the Spirit. Which Jesus would give later this evening to some of His disciples in the upper room, who did not have the faith to start out to Galilee. 

*Moreover, some women of our company amazed us. They were at the tomb early in the morning, and when they did not find his body, they came back saying that they had even seen a vision of angels, who said that he was alive. Some of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said, but him they did not see.” Lk 24:22-24 ESV+

 

Then Peter

*So they rose up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven and those who were with them gathered togethersaying, "The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!" Lk 24:33-34 NKJV+  

 

7. Jesus gives the Baptism of the indwelling of Holy Spirit; late Resurrection evening

Jesus appears late in the evening of Resurrection Day Nissan 16, 30AD,  to give the indwelling of the Holy Spirit to some of His disciples; completing our Father’s 7 day plan of salvation; spiritually the disciples had now come into the Kingdom of God. God’s Great Spiritual Trifecta

* On the evening of that day, the first day of the week, the doors being locked where the disciples were for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.” When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord. Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I am sending you.” And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. Jn 20:19-22 ESV+

 

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Copyright 2007 amended 2011, 2012, 2016 by Ron Borkey

+ ESV “Scripture quotations marked [ESV] are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version,” copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good New Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

+ NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE (1995 Update) Copyright © 1981, 1998 The Lockman Foundation, A Corporation Not for Profit, La Habra, California. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

+ NIV Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

+ NKJV "Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved."

Some words in the verses from these Bibles may be emphasized with bold letters.