Old Covenant Baptisms and Jesusí Baptisms
There were 7 different baptisms; the first 3 baptisms were given under the Old Covenant ceremonial laws. Then Jesus was the first to receive the New Covenant baptisms of 3a., 3b., and 4. †
1. Baptism into Moses
2. Johnís baptism
3. The baptism of Jesus by John the Baptizer
3a. The baptism, anointing, indwelling of the Holy Spirit was given to Jesus
††††† Happened now, specific info; Baptism #5 of Baptisms of the Holy Spirit
3b. The baptism of continually being given gifts of the Spirit
††††† Happened now, specific info; Baptism #6 of Baptisms of the Holy Spirit
4. Jesus would have a baptism of trials
1. Baptism into Moses Ė Under the Old Covenant promise of a Savior,
*And God said to Moses,
"I AM WHO I AM." And He said, "Thus you shall say to the
*all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. 1Cor 10:2-4 NKJV+
*For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance--now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant. Heb 9:15 NIV+
Yet being baptized will not save anyone, it is a continuous individual faith that will save believers. Though Israel was united together through Moses in the Lord, though they were His chosen people, most would not follow their God, and only 1/3 would be saved.
*But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness. 1Cor 10:5 NKJV+
*And it shall come to pass in all the land," Says the Lord, "That two-thirds in it shall be cut off and die, But one-third shall be left in it: I will bring the one-third through the fire, Will refine them as silver is refined, And test them as gold is tested. They will call on My name, And I will answer them. I will say, 'This is My people'; And each one will say, 'The Lord is my God.' " Zec 13:8-9 NKJV+
Mosesí song which Israel sang after they were freed by God from Egypt, and were baptized into the laws God gave to Moses; will be sung once again in Heaven above, by those who loved God and followed His commands.
*Then Moses and the sons of Israel sang this song to the Lord, and said, "I will sing to the Lord, for He is highly exalted; The horse and its rider He has hurled into the sea. Ex 15:1 NASB+
*They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: "Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints! Rev 15:3 NKJV+
2. Johnís baptism was an Old Covenant washing with water to cleanse repentant believers of their sins, to prepare them for the Messiah to come, Jesus.
*And Paul said, John baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people that they should believe on him that should come after him, that is, on Jesus Ac 19:4 ASV
*"Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; Put away the evil of your doings from before My eyes. Cease to do evil, Isa 1:16 NKJV+
*Then I acknowledged my sin to you and did not cover up my iniquity. I said, "I will confess my transgressions to the Lord"-- and you forgave the guilt of my sin. Ps 32:5 NIV+
John would be great in the sight of the Lord. He was given in answer to the prayers of an old couple. Zechariah, a temple priest, and his wife Elizabeth, who was related to Mary, the mother of Jesus. John would be filled with the Spirit, and be a Nazirite who never drank alcohol. He would be about 6 months older than Jesus.††
*But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: because thy supplication is heard, and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth. For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and he shall drink no wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother's womb. Lk 1:13-15 ASV††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††
*The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month. Lk 1:35-36 NIV+
John lived his early life in the desert, in a rugged fashion, fulfilling prophecy.
*And John was clothed with camel's hair, and with a girdle of a skin about his loins; and he did eat locusts and wild honey; Matt 3:4 NIV+
*For this is he that was spoken of through Isaiah the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make ye ready the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Matt 3:3 ASV
John was a Levite, and through his father Zechariah, would inherit the right to become a priest. John would have to be publicly consecrated to the Lord as a priest before beginning his ministry.
*Once when Zechariah's division was on duty and he was serving as priest before God, Lk 1:8 NIV+
*And the child continued
to grow and to become strong in spirit, and he lived in the deserts until the day of his public appearance to
John would begin his ministry, telling all about the Messiah to come, in the 15th year of Tiberius. This would be around Nissan (March/April) 25 AD when he became 30 years of age, the same age that Jesus would begin His ministry. See Danielís Timeline
*Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Lk 3:ptn1 KJV
*I myself did not know him, but the reason I came baptizing with water was that he might
be revealed to
John was sent by the Father, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to announce the coming of Jesus as the promised Messiah.
*And he will go on before the Lord, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteousóto make ready a people prepared for the Lord." †Lk 1:17 NIV+
*during the high priesthood of Annas and
Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son
of Zechariah in the desert. He went into all the country around the
John was sent to
prepare believers for their Lord, the New Covenant, and the
*John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. * Mk 1:3-4 KJV
*"Behold, the days
are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of
*"The Law and the
Prophets were proclaimed until John. Since that time, the good news of the
Johnís baptism would resemble the ceremonial washing which was required of all before they began serving our Lord. For when John baptized, washed Jesus, to be ceremonially clean before He could begin His ministry (3.), no one noticed any difference between this baptism, and the one John was using on all others to prepare the way for Jesus.††
*And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the door of the tent of meeting, and shalt wash them with water. Ex 40:12 ASV
*An argument developed between some of John's disciples and a certain Jew over the matter of ceremonial washing. Jn 3:25 NIV+
Johnís ministry of preparing the way for the Messiah would only last around 7 to 9 months. Jesus would take it over when He began teaching after returning from the desert. John would soon after be beheaded by King Herod, as his adulterous wife had her daughter request Johnís head as the price for her dancing before the King.
*He who has the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom's voice. Therefore this joy of mine is fulfilled. He must increase, but I must decrease. Jn 3:29-30 NKJV+†
*So he sent and had John beheaded in prison. And his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. Matt 14 10-11 NKJV+
Johnís baptism would become obsolete after Jesus brought in the New Covenant of grace, and ceremonial works of the Old Covenant are needed no more. For John would physically baptize with water, but Jesus would spiritually baptize us with the Holy Spirit, allow the Spirit to live in our hearts.
*And it is God who establishes us with you in Christ, and has anointed us, and who has also put his seal on us and given us his Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee. 2Co 1:21-22 ESV+
Through Christís blood shed on the cross as atonement for our sins, we can now become priests, and will remain priests to our God forever. We can go directly to God for our forgiveness, come to Him for anything, through Jesus Christ who is our mediator, our High Priest. Johnís Old Covenant baptism is needed no more.
* you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. 1Pe 2:5 NKJV+
*But you shall be named the priests of the Lord, They shall call you the servants of our God. Isa 61:6 NKJV+
3. The baptism of Jesus by John the Baptizer, was an Old Covenant washing. An Old Covenant work which was required by the ceremonial laws, before one could become a priest, or begin serving the Lord. Jesus was under this law, would have to be ceremonially washed, as it was now time for Him to begin His ministry.
*"Then you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the doorway of the tent of meeting and wash them with water. Ex 29:4 NASB+
*"Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. "For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Matt 5:17-19 NASB+
Jesus in order to avoid sinning, to fulfill righteousness, was required to do a work. He had to be ceremonially washed, before He could be consecrated to be our high priest, and a servant of God, and begin His ministry. Yet Jesus did not have to participate in any of the blood or sin offerings, which were required to cleanse the sins of those who were being consecrated as priests, because Jesus never committed a sin.†††
*Then you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting and shall wash them with water† Ex 40:12 ESV+
*Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan to be baptized by him. And John tried to prevent Him, saying, "I need to be baptized by You, and are You coming to me?" But Jesus answered and said to him, "Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness." Then he allowed Him. Matt 3:13-15 NKJV+
*God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. 2Cor 5:21 NIV+
Note: There were two different washings to be consecrated to the Lord. The high priest and priests, Aaron and His sons, were washed with water. The rest of the Levite men required to serve the Lord, had to be sprinkled with water to be cleansed. We believe Jesus was ceremonially washed, which would have also made Him righteous to do the Lordís work in any capacity. But some believe He could have been sprinkled as a servant of the Lord, then shaved, and washed His clothes. Since He went into the desert for forty days, His hair would have grown back by the time He started His ministry.
*"Take the Levites from among the other Israelites and make them ceremonially clean. To purify them, do this: Sprinkle the water of cleansing on them; then have them shave their whole bodies and wash their clothes, and so purify themselves. Nu 8:7 NIV+
The Heavenly Father originally required all first born sons, from all the tribes of Israel to be consecrated to Him, so they could do His work. The Father would later change this law, and require all the men from the tribe of Levi, all the Levites, to be consecrated to Him. They would replace all the firstborn sons of all of the tribes of Israel, in doing the Lordís work.
*Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Consecrate to Me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb
among the children of
*ĒNow behold, I Myself have taken the Levites from among the children of
Jesus was the firstborn son of Mary; and would go back to the original law of the firstborn serving God, to become our High Priest. Jesus would fulfill prophesy, by not having the right ancestry to become a priest, for He was not a Levite, the tribe which all priests at this time were to come from. Jesus became high priest in the order of Melchizedek, He was the Son of God, indestructible. He was the firstborn over all creation, the firstborn resurrected to Heaven, and will be our High Priest forever.
*He is the image of the invisible God,
the firstborn over all creation.
*And what we have said is even more clear if another priest like Melchizedek appears,
one who has become a priest not on the basis
of a regulation as to his ancestry but on the basis of the power of an indestructible life. For it is
declared: "You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek." Heb 7:16-17 NIV+
At the age of 30 Jesus would be consecrated, set apart to do the Lordís work, the time originally required by the Lord. This age and time also fulfilled Danielís prophecy for having the Messiah anointed around Tishri (Oct) 26 AD. See Danielís Timeline.
*And Jesus himself, when he began to teach, was about thirty years of age, Lk 3:ptn23 ASV
*From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that came to do the service of the ministry, and the service of the burden in the tabernacle of the congregation, Num 4:47 KJV
Jesus sought out John who was a great prophet, like Moses, and also a priest. John as a great prophet would ceremonially wash Jesus for His consecration as our High Priest. At the same time John who was a priest was allowed to wash Jesus as a servant of God, for His 3 1/2 years of ministry on earth.†
*For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist Lk 7:ptn28 KJV
*Then Moses brought Aaron and his sons and washed them with water. Lev 8:6 NKJV+
*and Aaron shall offer the Levites before the Lord as a wave offering from the people of Israel, that they may do the service of the Lord. Nu 8:11 ESV+
In the same manner the great prophet Moses publicly gave Aaron his ceremonial washing, before he was consecrated as the first high priest of the Old Covenant. John the Baptist, would likewise ceremonially wash Jesus as the first, and only High priest of the New Covenant of His grace.
*"Then you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the doorway of the tent of meeting and wash them with water. Ex 29:4 NASB+
*"Make a bronze basin, with its bronze stand, for washing. Place it between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and put water in it. Ex 30:18 NIV+
Jesus was ceremonially washed, baptized, as the High Priest, as the Lordís Servant†
Jesus came down the bank into the
*At that time Jesus came from
*Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the
John knew he would decrease, and Jesus would increase after He would begin His ministry. Jesus would expand Johnís ministry, and His disciples would baptize many with Johnís Old Covenant baptism.
*The one who has the bride is the bridegroom. The friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly at the bridegroomís voice. Therefore this joy of mine is now complete. He must increase, but I must decrease.Ē Jn 3:29-30 ESV+
*Therefore, when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John Jn 4:1 NKJV+
Yet Jesus never baptized any, for His baptism of the New Covenant of grace, would be the baptism of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. This baptism could not be given to any until they were made spiritually holy, after He had shed His blood on the cross to atone for our sins.
*(though Jesus Himself did not baptize, but His disciples), Jn 4:2 NKJV+
*I baptize you with water, but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit." Mk 1:8 NKJV+
Then the New Covenant was instituted as Jesus was set apart
After Jesus was ceremonially washed, baptized, He came out of the water, up the bank to a spot where He was alone, was set apart. He then began praying and Heaven was opened.
*After being baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove and lighting on Him, Matt 3:16 NASB+
*When all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also was baptized; and while He prayed, the heaven was opened. Lk 3:21 NKJV
Our only Mediator, Jesus is the only One we can go through to become children of God.
*For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; 1Tim 2:5 KJV
The Servant of the Lord
*To you first, God, having raised up His Servant Jesus, sent Him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from your iniquities." Ac 3:26 NKJV+
*by stretching out Your hand to heal, and that signs and wonders may be done through the name of Your holy Servant Jesus." Ac 4:30 NKJV+
*By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many, For He shall bear their iniquities. Isa 53:ptn11 NKJV+
*"Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him and he will bring justice to the nations. Isa 42:1 NIV+
Jesus was anointed by the Holy Spirit as Prophet, High Priest and King
Then Jesus was anointed by the Holy Spirit coming down as a dove and remaining on Him.
*Then John gave this testimony: "I saw the Spirit come down from heaven as a dove and remain on him. Jn 1:32 NIV+
*The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, Because he anointed me to preach good tidings to the poor: He hath sent me to proclaim release to the captives, And recovering of sight to the blind, To set at liberty them that are bruised, Lk 4:18 ASV
Jesus had to fulfill everything prophesied about Him, so we would know He was the Christ, the true Messiah. Scriptural prophesies were about His anointing, Messiah and Christ mean the Anointed One.
*"Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One [an anointed one], the ruler, comes, there will be seven 'sevens,' and sixty-two 'sevens.' It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble. Dan 9:25 NIV+
*Why do the nations conspire and the peoples plot in vain? The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the Lord and against his Anointed One. Ps 2:1-2 NIV+
*And the crowds were saying, "This is
the prophet Jesus, from
*Jesus said to them, "Only in his hometown, among his relatives and in his own house is a prophet without honor." †Mk 6:4 NIV+
* For Moses said, 'The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you. Ac 3:22 NIV+
*Nevertheless I must journey today,
tomorrow, and the day
following; for it cannot be that a prophet
should perish outside of
Our High Priest†
*Having then a great high priest, who hath passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. Heb 4:14 ASV
*But Christ having come a high priest of the good things to come, through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation, Heb 9:11 ASV
*The Lord has sworn and will not change His mind, "You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek." Ps 110:4 NASB+
*Yes, He shall build the temple of the Lord. He shall bear the glory, And shall sit and rule on His throne; So He shall be a priest on His throne, And the counsel of peace shall be between them both."' Zech 6:13 NKJV+
And our King
*"Then the King will say to those on His right, 'Come, you who are blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. Matt 25:34 NASB+
*And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, "KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS." Rev 19:16 NASB+
the LORD, your Holy One, the creator
*"Rejoice greatly, O daughter of
3a. The baptism, anointing, indwelling of the Holy Spirit was given to Jesus
Happened now, specific info; Baptism #5 of Baptisms of the Holy Spirit
Jesus was the first man to be baptized, given the indwelling of the Spirit. For Jesus was sinless, was holy, and could receive the indwelling of the Spirit. He would be the first in everything which would be needed for eternal salvation. This foreshadows how we will likewise be baptized, be anointed, given the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, after we are spiritually made holy by the blood Jesus shed for us upon the cross.
*how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him. Ac 10:38 NKJV+
3b. The baptism of continually being given gifts of the Spirit
Happened now, specific info; Baptism #6 of Baptisms of the Holy Spirit
Jesus received from the Spirit all the gifts He would need to minister on the earth from the Spirit, including the gifts of power and healing. The same way we will continually receive gifts, anointings and manifestations from the Spirit. Baptism #6 of Baptisms of the Holy Spirit
*ďThe Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, Lk 4:18 ESV+
*"For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God; for He gives the Spirit without measure. Jn 3:34 NASB+
And finally Jesus was publicly introduced by His loving Father as the Son of God, a Son He was very pleased with.
The Father would introduce Jesus as His Son, the Messiah He had sent into the world. This was the day Jesus was given authority to begin bringing salvation to the world.
*And a voice came from heaven: "You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased." Mk 1:11 NIV+
*And John bore witness, saying, "I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He remained upon Him. I did not know Him, but He who sent me to baptize with water said to me, 'Upon whom you see the Spirit descending, and remaining on Him, this is He who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.' And I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God." †Jn 1:32-34 NKJV+
4. Jesus would have a baptism of trials, temptations and tests He would have to overcome. Jesus would be despised, hated by the world, would be sent to the cross to be brutally beaten and then crucified as atonement for our sins.
*"But I have a baptism to undergo, and how distressed I am until it is accomplished! Lk 12:50 NASB+
*Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done. And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him. And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. Lk 22:42-44 KJV
Jesusí baptism of trials would begin right after He had received the anointing, the baptism of the Spirit. The Spirit sent Jesus out in the desert for 40 days to be put under a baptism of temptations from Satan, a trial He would win before beginning His ministry.
*At once the Spirit sent him out into the desert, and he was in the desert forty days, being tempted by Satan. He was with the wild animals, and angels attended him. Mk 1:12-13 NIV+
Christís hardest baptism of trials was when the sins of the world were put on His shoulders, as He was dying on the cross. And like all who die sinful, Jesus would be rejected by His Father, His spiritual being would be thrown down into the fiery torment of the Abyss, until His sacrifice was acceptable to His Father. Then having completed His baptism of trials, which overcame sin for us, our Father would bring Jesus into His glorious Heavenly Kingdom, and have His Son sit at His right hand.
*And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" which is translated, "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?"í †Mk 15:34 NKJV+
*or 'Who will descend into the abyss?' (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). Ro 10:7 NASB+
*He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied.† Isa 53:ptn11 NKJV+
Since Jesus overcame sin, we will also be able to overcome sin. Not because we will be able to overcome all of our baptism of trials, we will fall short, we will all sin. But all who love Jesus and strive to obey His commands, will have our sins forgiven by the blood He shed for us, and will receive eternal life in Heaven above.
*But Jesus said to them, "You do not know what you ask. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?" They said to Him, "We are able." So Jesus said to them, "You will indeed drink the cup that I drink, and with the baptism I am baptized with you will be baptized; Mk 10:38-39 NKJV+
*"Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rebel against their parents and have them put to death. All men will hate you because of me, but he who stands firm to the end will be saved Mk 13:12-13 NIV+
Copyright 2010 amended 2011 by Ron Borkey
+ ESV ďScripture quotations marked [ESV] are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version,Ē copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good New Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.Ē
+ NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE (1995 Update) Copyright © 1981, 1998 The Lockman Foundation, A Corporation Not for Profit, La Habra, California. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
+ NIV Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSIONģ. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.
+ NKJV "Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved."