Jewish Feasts Symbolize Our Father’s Plan for Us  

The 7 Feasts symbolize what must happen before our Father creates a new Heaven and earth

 

Our Heavenly Father required Israel to celebrate 7 ceremonial feasts each year; 7 is a perfect number which completes a work of God.

Jesus has fulfilled 5 of the Old Covenant ceremonial feasts in our Father's plan of salvation.  The Son of God accomplished this when He became man, became Jesus and gave His physical life on the cross to atone for all the sins of those who would love Him above all things; and out of this love obeys His commands, His Father's commands. We no longer need to celebrate the Old Covenant ceremonial laws; instead we should praise Jesus from releasing us from them, installing His New Covenant of grace. Yet we should understand these feasts for they symbolically show us our Father's plan to make us His children; and then take us home to a new Heaven and earth to live with Him forever.

*Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day. These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ. Col 2:16-17 NIV+

*then He said , "Behold, I have come to do Your will." He takes away the first in order to establish the second. By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.  Heb 10:9-10 NASB+

 

A. The 5 ceremonial feast events which have been fulfilled.

 

A1. Day of Atonement (Yom Kipper) - Tishri 10 (Sept/Oct) 5 B.C. See God Becomes Man - The Birth of Jesus

The Day of Atonement was the holiest day of the year for Israel; and on this day our Heavenly Father would come down into the Holy of Holies in the Temple of Jerusalem, to forgive the sins of Israel for that year.

On this day Jesus was born on Tishri 10, 5 B.C. Jesus in Bethlehem, to become our scapegoat, have our sins laid on Him, and make atonement for them by shedding His blood upon the cross. Thus fulfilling what this feast symbolized, and it is no longer needs to be celebrated. 

*And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: "Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. Lev 23:26-28 NKJV+

*But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the Lord to be used for making atonement by sending it into the desert as a scapegoat. Lev 16:10 NIV+

 

We now celebrate the birth of Jesus at Christmas; this is not the date He was born, but approximate date God's Son made man in Mary's womb.  

 

A2. Feast of Unleavened Bread (Chag HaMatzot) - Nisan 15-21 (March/April): Lord's Supper - Specific Info

 

The Feast of Unleavened Bread began after the sun went down on Passover Day, and the Passover Supper was eaten on this night; which was the beginning of the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread which was a special or high Sabbath day. During the week of this celebration no leavened bread could be eaten, only bread without yeast. Our God required Israel to come to Jerusalem and eat the Passover Lamb Seder Meal; seder here referring to a special way and order to eat this meal.

Jesus on the night before the Passover, the night before He was crucified; replaced the Passover Feast with His own supper, the Lord’s Supper. Jesus offers to all believers (spiritually or physically); His body in and with the bread we eat, His blood in and with the wine or grape juice we drink; after His words of institution have been read over them. Those who worthily eat of our Lord's Supper receive spiritual blessings. As we thank our Savior for all He has done our faith is strengthened; and we receive help for our problems as we have an intimate visit, an intimate supper, with our Savior.

*“On the fourteenth day of the first month is the Lord’s Passover, and on the fifteenth day of this month is a feast. Seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. Nu 28:16-17 ESV+

*And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, "Take, eat; this is My body."  Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you. For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. Matt 26:26-28 NKJV+

 

Now celebrate Lord's Supper; we can have an intimate meal with our Lord whenever we want.

 

A3. Passover (Pesach) - Nisan 14 (March/April): See Specific Information Death and Resurrection - Spiritually Happened on the Cross

Each year to celebrate the Passover every family in Israel was required to sacrifice a lamb without defects; slaughter it in the afternoon, so it could be eaten that night. Since sundown started the beginning of a new day; the lamb was eaten as the Passover meal on the night of Nissan 15, the Sabbath of the first day of the Feast if Unleavened Bread. The blood of the sacrificed Passover Lamb was thrown against the altar in the Temple at Jerusalem; and some was sprinkled over the people, as a sacrifice for their sins. 

Jesus became our Passover lamb, He shed His blood as He was tortured then on the cross at the same time lambs were being slain, as a onetime sacrifice for all the sins of the world; thus fulfilling the need for this feast. When he physically died His spiritual being went into Hell to deposit our sins there, then into Hades to proclaim His victory, then He was the first man to have His spiritual being (soul and spirit) taken into Heaven; all on this day.

*“These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, the holy convocations, which you shall proclaim at the time appointed for them. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight, is the Lord’s Passover. Lev 23:4-5 ESV+

*Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast--as you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. 1Co 5:7 NIV+

 

We now celebrate Good Friday; the day Jesus gave His physical life upon the cross to save us, to redeem us from our sins.

 

A4. First fruits (Reshit Katzir) - 1st Sunday after 1st Sabbath Feast of Unleavened Bread (March/April): Resurrection Week - Jesus Is First

 

On the first Sunday after the first Sabbath (Unleavened Bread had a special Sabbath on the first and last day of this feast) on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened bread; the first fruits from Israel's grain fields was to be cut and presented to the Lord by the priests at the Temple in Jerusalem.

Jesus was the first fruit of our Father's plan of salvation; the first to be resurrected from being physically dead and then given a glorified physical body. 40 days later the first to have His glorified physical body taken into Heaven on Ascension Day.

*"Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 'When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. Lev 23:10-11 NKJV+

*But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. 1Co 15:20 NASB+ 

 

Now celebrate Resurrection Sunday or Easter

 

A5. Feast of Weeks (Savuot) is 50 days after First fruits (May/June): Baptisms of the Spirit

On this day 10% of the grain crops which had been harvested were offered to the Lord. These were the same crops from which a small sheaf of stems without mature grain had been cut and waved to the Lord 50 days previously. 

 We now call this day Pentecost (fifty or fiftieth day); the day when the gifts, manifestations of the Holy Spirit were given to the disciples. Peter along with the other disciples, were filled with the Spirit; offered the Gospel message and the indwelling baptism of the Spirit to all the people of Israel who were present at the Feast of Week. All who repented, accepted Jesus as their Savior, and symbolically washed their sins away with water (water baptism) were given the indwelling of the Spirit. The gospel and the indwelling of the Spirit were only given to the Jews (all tribes of Israel); until around 12 years later when Paul brought the gospel to the Gentiles so they could receive the indwelling of the Spirit also.

*'And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed. Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the Lord. Lev 23:15-16 NKJV+

*When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. Ac 2:1 NKJV+

*Then Peter said to them, "Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. Ac 2:38 NKJV+

 

We now celebrate being renewed or being born again by the Holy Spirit; which can happen anytime, anywhere we surrender our human will to our God and accept the Spirit into our hearts.

 

B. We are awaiting these last 2 feasts to be completed; and since the reality of Christ’s grace, we no longer have to celebrate them.

*Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day. These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ. Col 2:16:17 NIV+

 

B6. Day of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah) - Tishri 1 (Sept/Oct): needs to be fulfilled. End Times 4c5

On this day Israel was to blow the trumpets at Jerusalem. And in end times when the 7th angel blows his trumpet the feast will be fulfilled; and Jesus will replace the antichrist as ruler over this world.

Jesus will bring all believers' spiritual beings down from Heaven with Him into the clouds over earth. And gather all believers who still live on earth up to Him; and give us all glorified bodies like His, and take us to Heaven to live with Him forever. We believe this will happen in the fall, on the Day of Trumpets. 

*Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. Lev 23:24 NKJV+

*Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever.” Rev 11:15 ESV+

*in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. 1Co 15:52 NKJV+

 

We are awaiting the return of Jesus in the clouds at the sounding of the last trumpet.

 

B7. Feast of Tabernacles or Booths (Sukkot) -Tishri 15 (Sept/Oct) needs to be fulfilled. See End Times Beginning again 4d10; ending 5.12

This feast required Israel to build and then live in booths in Jerusalem for a 7 day celebration to be with God. This feast will begin again during Christ’s 1,000 year reign on earth; when all who have survived the war of Armageddon, are physically living on earth without glorified bodies, will come to Jerusalem to celebrate this Feast once more. This Feast will end at the White Throne Judgment; when all physically living on earth will be given glorified bodies to live with our God forever. *“Speak to the people of Israel, saying, On the fifteenth day of this seventh month and for seven days is the Feast of Booths [Or Tabernacles] to the Lord. Lev 23:34 ESV+

*Then everyone who survives of all the nations that have come against Jerusalem shall go up year after year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Booths. Zech 14:16 ESV+

This feast required Israel to build and then live in booths in Jerusalem for a 7 day celebration.

We believe this feast will be initiated once more after a new Temple is built in Jerusalem, during the 1,000 years when Jesus is King over the earth. And all those who survive the war of Armageddon will come up and worship our Savior in booths they have built, as they keep the Feast of Booths.

*“Speak to the people of Israel, saying, On the fifteenth day of this seventh month and for seven days is the Feast of Booths [Or Tabernacles] to the Lord. Lev 23:34 ESV+

*You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.'" Lev 23:43 NKJV+

*Then everyone who survives of all the nations that have come against Jerusalem shall go up year after year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Booths. Zech 14:16 ESV+

 

We are waiting for the 1,000 year reign of Christ when this Feast will be celebrated once more. This Feast will start again on the first feast day after Jesus comes in all of His power (almost a rear later); will end at the White Throne Judgment.

 

C. The order the 7 Ceremonial Feasts occur in the calendar year. These 7 feasts do not follow the chronological order they happened; but in the season the symbolic event they represent has happened, or will happen.

 

1. Passover (Pesach) - Nisan 14 (March/April): has been fulfilled.

2. Feast of Unleavened Bread (Chag HaMatzot) - Nisan 15-21 (March/April): has been fulfilled.

3. First fruits (Reshit Katzir) - the first Sunday after Passover Sabbath (March/April): has been fulfilled.

4. Feast of Weeks (Savuot)  Changed to Pentecost; is 50 days after First fruits (May/June): has been fulfilled.

5. Day of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah) - Tishri 1 (Sept/Oct): needs to be fulfilled.

6. Day of Atonement (Yom Kipper) - Tishri 10 (Sept/Oct): has been fulfilled.

7. Feast of Tabernacles or Booths (Sukkot) -Tishri 15 (Sept/Oct) needs to be fulfilled.

 

D. All the feasts which required all the men of Israel to attend

 

1. Feast of Unleavened Bread (Chag HaMatzot) - Nisan 15-21 (March/April)

2. Feast of Weeks (Savuot) – Changed to Pentecost; is 50 days after First fruits (May/June)  

3. Feast of Tabernacles or Booths (Sukkot) -Tishri 15 (Sept/Oct)

*Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God in the place which He chooses: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Tabernacles; and they shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed. Dt 16:16 NKJV+

 

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Copyright 2015 by Ron Borkey

+ ESV “Scripture quotations marked [ESV] are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version,” copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good New Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.”

+ NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE (1995 Update) Copyright © 1981, 1998 The Lockman Foundation, A Corporation Not for Profit, La Habra, California. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

+ NIV Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

+ NKJV "Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved."

Some words in the verses from these Bibles may be emphasized with bold letters.